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SpaceX stacks Starship atop massive booster for 1st time to make the world's tallest rocket

SpaceX's first orbital Starship SN20 is stacked atop its massive Super Heavy Booster 4 for the first time on Aug. 6, 2021 at the company's Starbase facility near Boca Chica Village in South Texas. They stood 395 feet tall, taller than NASA's Saturn V moon rocket. (Image credit: SpaceX/Elon Musk via Twitter)

SpaceX's newest Starship prototype was briefly placed atop of its massive booster for the first time on Friday (Aug. 6), setting a new record for the world's tallest rocket ahead of a planned orbital test flight this year.

Engineers performed the stacking test at the SpaceX Starbase facility in South Texas, near the village of Boca Chica, in view of livestreams from NASA Spaceflight and Spadre.com. SpaceX has not commented on the stacking procedure yet on Twitter, although founder Elon Musk sent an update suggesting the company actually wanted to complete the stacking Thursday (Aug. 5), a few hours after Starship completed its rollout to the launch pad, but winds were too high.

Starship SN20 ("Serial No. 20") and its Super Heavy booster were mated for about an hour for fit checks, during which time the two vehicles posed a towering site. Super Heavy alone stands 230 feet (70 meters) tall and Starship SN4 added another 165 feet (50 m) of height. Together they stood a whopping 395 feet tall (120 m), taller than NASA's massive Saturn V moon rocket, which was 363 feet tall (110 m).

"Dream come true," Musk wrote on Twitter of the stacked Starship.

Video: Watch SpaceX's Starship SN20 & a fuel tank roll out to launch site
Photos: SpaceX lifts huge Super Heavy rocket onto launch stand

But when the mission will get a chance to fly its round-the-world trip is unknown. The Super Heavy rocket, known as Booster 4, must pass several pressurization and engine tests before lifting off. SpaceX is also waiting on an environmental review of Starship's launch operations being performed by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, and it's unclear when that review will be completed.

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SpaceX's first orbital Starship SN20 is stacked atop its massive Super Heavy Booster 4 for the first time on Aug. 4, 2021 at the company's Starbase facility near Boca Chica Village in South Texas. They stood 395 feet tall, taller than NASA's Saturn V moon rocket.

Views of SpaceX's Starship SN20 during its first-ever stacking atop its Super Heavy booster. (Image credit: SpaceX/Elon Musk via Twitter)
Image 2 of 7

SpaceX's first orbital Starship SN20 is stacked atop its massive Super Heavy Booster 4 for the first time on Aug. 4, 2021 at the company's Starbase facility near Boca Chica Village in South Texas. They stood 395 feet tall, taller than NASA's Saturn V moon rocket.

Views of SpaceX's Starship SN20 during its first-ever stacking atop its Super Heavy booster. (Image credit: SpaceX/Elon Musk via Twitter)
Image 3 of 7

SpaceX's first orbital Starship SN20 is stacked atop its massive Super Heavy Booster 4 for the first time on Aug. 4, 2021 at the company's Starbase facility near Boca Chica Village in South Texas. They stood 395 feet tall, taller than NASA's Saturn V moon rocket.

Views of SpaceX's Starship SN20 during its first-ever stacking atop its Super Heavy booster. (Image credit: SpaceX/Elon Musk via Twitter)
Image 4 of 7

SpaceX's first orbital Starship SN20 is stacked atop its massive Super Heavy Booster 4 for the first time on Aug. 6, 2021 at the company's Starbase facility near Boca Chica Village in South Texas. They stood 395 feet tall, taller than NASA's Saturn V moon rocket.

Views of SpaceX's Starship SN20 during its first-ever stacking atop its Super Heavy booster. (Image credit: SpaceX)
Image 5 of 7

SpaceX's first orbital Starship SN20 is stacked atop its massive Super Heavy Booster 4 for the first time on Aug. 6, 2021 at the company's Starbase facility near Boca Chica Village in South Texas. They stood 395 feet tall, taller than NASA's Saturn V moon rocket.

Views of SpaceX's Starship SN20 during its first-ever stacking atop its Super Heavy booster. (Image credit: SpaceX)
Image 6 of 7

SpaceX's first orbital Starship SN20 is stacked atop its massive Super Heavy Booster 4 for the first time on Aug. 6, 2021 at the company's Starbase facility near Boca Chica Village in South Texas. They stood 395 feet tall, taller than NASA's Saturn V moon rocket.

Views of SpaceX's Starship SN20 during its first-ever stacking atop its Super Heavy booster. (Image credit: SpaceX)
Image 7 of 7

SpaceX's first orbital Starship SN20 is stacked atop its massive Super Heavy Booster 4 for the first time on Aug. 6, 2021 at the company's Starbase facility near Boca Chica Village in South Texas. They stood 395 feet tall, taller than NASA's Saturn V moon rocket.

Views of SpaceX's Starship SN20 during its first-ever stacking atop its Super Heavy booster. (Image credit: SpaceX)

On Twitter, Musk wrote that Starship and its Super Heavy booster also still need at least "4 significant items" before they'd be ready to fly. Those include final heat shield tiles for Starship, thermal protection for the Super Heavy's engines, more ground system propellant storage tanks and a quick disconnect arm for Starship, likely attached to the pad's gantry tower.

It's likely that both Starship SN20 and Super Heavy Booster 4 will test-fire their engines in separate static fire tests. SpaceX routinely conducts such tests before its commercial launches and test-fired its Super Heavy Booster 3 prototype last month.

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A Starship orbital flight plan submitted by SpaceX to the Federal Aviation Administration includes some firsts for the Starship program, which has been regularly testing prototypes for flight operations. According top that plan, the Super Heavy Booster 4, after hefting its first Starship prototype aloft, will splash down in the Gulf of Mexico roughly 20 miles (32 kilometers) offshore. Meanwhile, Starship will boost itself into orbit for the first time, fly around the Earth once and then return over the Pacific Ocean — near the Hawaiian island of Kauai — roughly 90 minutes after launch.

SpaceX plans to eventually use Starship as a fully reusable, two-stage transportation system to send humans and large sets of cargo to the moon, Mars and other distant solar system destinations. Recently, the program got a large contract win after NASA selected Starship as the crewed lander for the agency's Artemis moon-landing effort. Under the previous Trump administration, NASA was shooting for a 2024 deadline to put boots on the surface; the new Biden administration hasn't yet committed to a timeline.

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Elizabeth Howell

Elizabeth Howell is a contributing writer for Space.com who is one of the few Canadian journalists to report regularly on space exploration. She is the author or co-author of several books on space exploration. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. from the University of North Dakota in Space Studies, and an M.Sc. from the same department. She also holds a bachelor of journalism degree from Carleton University in Canada, where she began her space-writing career in 2004. Besides writing, Elizabeth teaches communications at the university and community college level, and for government training schools. To see her latest projects, follow Elizabeth on Twitter at @howellspace.