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New Relativity Space factory will host dozens of 3D printers for Terran rockets

A rendering of Relativity Space's future factory space in Long Beach, California.
A rendering of Relativity Space's future factory space in Long Beach, California. (Image credit: Relativity Space)

3D rocket-printing startup Relativity Space said it plans a "major expansion" of operations and manufacturing to boost production of its Terran rocket line.

The firm — fresh off a $650 million Series A fundraising round announced earlier this month — said Wednesday (June 30) it has signed for a 1-million-square-foot (93,000 square meters) headquarters factory at the Goodman Commerce Center, in its current hometown of Long Beach, California. 

The 93-acre plant used to host Boeing's C-17 military transport aircraft manufacturing, with the last C-17 produced there in 2015. Now, Relativity's factory will make it the anchor tenant for a planned 437-acre business district west of the Long Beach Airport, the company said. It also plans to hold on to its existing factory space to continue producing its Terran 1 rocket.

Related: Relativity Space unveils fully reusable, 3D-printed Terran R rocket

Relativity will occupy the new space in January 2022, which will eventually host dozens of the company's proprietary Stargate printers that can produce Terran 1 and its newly announced reusable version of the rocket, called Terran R. Relativity said the facility will include a fusion of 3D printing, artificial intelligence and autonomous robotics to create a new rocket in less than 60 days.

There also will be room for more than 2,000 employees as part of a planned hiring spree by Relativity. The company now has more than 400 people on its payroll, is 300% more than last year, across several locations in the United States.

The value of the signing contract was not disclosed, but in a press release, CEO and co-founder Tim Ellis stated the move "is key for scaling out our Terran R program, while also continuing to tap into the unparalleled talent here [in Long Beach] to join us on our mission."

Relativity was founded five years ago and its investors include "Shark Tank" venture capitalist Mark Cuban. The company has yet to launch a rocket, but Ellis recently told Ars Technica that the company aims to "disrupt" the traditional practices of rocket manufacturing that require painstaking months to produce a single booster from handcrafted parts. 

A rendering of Relativity Space's future factory space in Long Beach, California.  (Image credit: Relativity Space)

Relativity will ship the first flight-ready Terran 1 second stage to Stennis Space Center in Mississippi "toward the end of summer" for hot fire tests, Ellis said in the interview. 

Relativity's first planned launch from Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida with Terran 1 remains scheduled for later this year, while Terran R would fly in 2024 if the schedule holds. The company signed a binding contract for several Terran R launches with an "anchor customer" that Ellis did not name. Terran 1 will cost an estimated $12 million to launch, according to Reuters, while pricing has not yet been released for Terran R.

Once ready, Terran R would be much smaller than its main reusable competitor, SpaceX's Falcon 9, with an upper stage that can send payloads into flexible orbits in space. Usually companies with smaller rockets say that the benefit of going with them is the customer has more flexibility to choose the timing of the launch, rather than waiting for a slot to open on a Falcon 9 secondary payload.

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Elizabeth Howell

Elizabeth Howell is a contributing writer for Space.com who is one of the few Canadian journalists to report regularly on space exploration. She is the author or co-author of several books on space exploration. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. from the University of North Dakota in Space Studies, and an M.Sc. from the same department. She also holds a bachelor of journalism degree from Carleton University in Canada, where she began her space-writing career in 2004. Besides writing, Elizabeth teaches communications at the university and community college level, and for government training schools. To see her latest projects, follow Elizabeth on Twitter at @howellspace.