NASA's first economic impact report suggests that the agency generated nearly $65 billion in economic impact during fiscal year 2019, with much of that activity coming from the Artemis program to return astronauts to the moon by 2024.
The agency released the report (which covers the period between Oct. 1, 2018 to Sept. 30, 2019) as it continues negotiations for its fiscal 2021 budget. That 2021 budget request by the Trump administration calls for a 12% increase for the agency to $25 billion, including a substantial contribution to Artemis for a planned 2024 astronaut landing on the moon. That budget has not been approved yet, as both the House and Senate continue markups of their versions of the bill. On Sept. 30, the Senate averted a government shutdown by passing a stopgap measure that will keep the government running until Dec. 11, according to The Hill.
The new study, which you can read on NASA's website, was conducted by the Nathalie P. Voorhees Center for Neighborhood and Community Improvement at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
"In this new era of human spaceflight, NASA is contributing to economies locally and nationally, fueling growth in industries that will define the future, and supporting tens of thousands of new jobs in America," NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a statement. "With an investment of just one-half of 1% of the federal budget, NASA generates significant total economic output annually."
The report estimates that NASA supported more than 312,000 jobs across the U.S., including 69,000 jobs in the agency's "moon to Mars" initiative, which includes Artemis. As for economic impact, the report estimates NASA generated more than $64.3 billion in total economic output, with roughly 20% ($14 billion) of that coming from the moon to Mars initiative.
The report adds that every state benefits economically from NASA, with eight states generating an impact of at least $1 billion each due to their affiliation with NASA. Additionally, the agency has more than 700 active international agreements, including the International Space Station, that have further spurred economic development. NASA also counts more than 2,000 spinoff technologies from its research since 1976, including a ventilator this year designed for coronaviru patients and created in 37 days.
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