NASA Loses Contact with Tiny Exoplanet-Hunting Satellite

ASTERIA being deployed from the International Space Station on November 20, 2017. (Image credit: NASA)

NASA has lost contact with a small satellite in orbit that has been hunting for alien planets for more than two years.

ASTERIA, or Arcsecond Space Telescope Enabling Research in Astrophysics, is a briefcase-size Cubesat spacecraft that scientists developed to search for exoplanets using instruments and components shrunk down for the small satellite. Researchers also aimed for ASTERIA to show how such small craft can be used to hunt for exoplanets

Engineers last heard from ASTERIA on Dec. 5, 2019, and then lost touch with it. Ground teams on Earth will continue to make contact attempts until March. Now, while ASTERIA is currently out of reach, the craft — which launched on Nov. 20, 2017 — did exceed its expected two-month time frame to reach primary mission objectives. The craft additionally flew through three mission extensions.

Related: NASA Planet-Hunting Telescope Spots Massive Burp from a Comet

The ASTERIA exoplanet-hunting Cubesat as seen in April 2017, before its November 2017 launch, at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

In a Jan. 3 statement, NASA officials said that the Cubesat showed that it is possible for small satellites to support larger planet-hunting missions, such as NASA's current Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) or the now-defunct Kepler space telescope.

"ASTERIA observed a handful of nearby stars and successfully demonstrated that it could achieve precision measurements of the stars' brightness," NASA said in a statement. "With that data, scientists look for dips in a star's light that would indicate an orbiting planet passing between the satellite and the star. … Mission data is still being analyzed to confirm whether ASTERIA spotted any distant worlds."

During its mission extensions, ASTERIA tested autonomous technologies using artificial intelligence programs. The little craft used these technologies to observe targets including  Earth, a comet, a spacecraft in geosynchronous orbit and stars that may host orbiting exoplanets.

This mission was a collaboration between NASA and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where astrophysicist Sara Seager serves as principal investigator of ASTERIA. The extended missions were partially funded by the Heising-Simons Foundation, which, in part, financially supports fundamental science research.

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Elizabeth Howell
Staff Writer, Spaceflight

Elizabeth Howell (she/her), Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022 covering diversity, education and gaming as well. She was contributing writer for for 10 years before joining full-time. Elizabeth's reporting includes multiple exclusives with the White House and Office of the Vice-President of the United States, an exclusive conversation with aspiring space tourist (and NSYNC bassist) Lance Bass, speaking several times with the International Space Station, witnessing five human spaceflight launches on two continents, flying parabolic, working inside a spacesuit, and participating in a simulated Mars mission. Her latest book, "Why Am I Taller?", is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University and a Bachelor of History from Canada's Athabasca University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science at several institutions since 2015; her experience includes developing and teaching an astronomy course at Canada's Algonquin College (with Indigenous content as well) to more than 1,000 students since 2020. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday. Mastodon: