Satellite peers at a creepy iceberg's 'Halloween crack' (photo)

A "Halloween Crack" (shaded in red) is visible near an unstable region of Antarctica's Brunt Ice Shelf. It was imaged by the European Space Agency's Copernicus Sentinel-2 satellite on Oct. 25, 2022. (Image credit: Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2022), processed by ESA, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO)

A spooky "Halloween crack" looms beside an Antarctic iceberg shelf that's "hanging by a thread," new satellite imagery shows.

The crevice itself is stable, according to the European Space Agency (ESA), but it's the nearby tip of Antarctica's Brunt Ice Shelf that causes concern as the southernmost continent continues to warm due to climate change.

Only a slender thread of ice about one-third of a mile (600 meters) long is holding the tip to the rest of the shelf, new space observations show. 

"If and when this potential rupture point finally gives way, it is expected to spawn a huge iceberg about 1750 square kilometers [675 square miles]," ESA officials wrote (opens in new tab) Monday (Oct. 31), "which is over five times bigger than the size of Malta." (Malta is about one-tenth the size of Rhode Island, the smallest U.S. state.)

In photos: Giant crack frees a massive iceberg in Antarctica 

The fresh footage from the Sentinel-2 satellite mission, part of Europe's Copernicus Earth-observation program, may help with forecasting the associated sea rise on Earth if that precarious tip sloughs into the nearby Weddell Sea.

It's not so much the threat of a new iceberg that is the issue, as ice shelves float, ESA officials said. But these shelves do slow down the flow of land ice into the ocean.

"Owing to climate change, Antarctica’s ice shelves are weakening, leading to greater risks of more land ice ending up in the oceans and thereby adding to sea-level rise, something arguably more frightening than Halloween," agency officials wrote.

Besides the spooky situation, the reason the "Halloween Crack" is so named is its discovery date: Oct. 31, 2016. It resides in a zone colorfully called the McDonald Ice Rumples, referring to where the bottom of the ice shelf is attached to the seabed below. Since the shelf is grounded, that also slows down ice loss, ESA added.

The study of this iceberg is part of a larger set of satellite observations of Antarctica, which is quite remote but still within reach of satellites, which can observe "changes in ice dynamics, air and ocean temperatures," ESA stated.

Elizabeth Howell is the co-author of "Why Am I Taller (opens in new tab)?" (ECW Press, 2022; with Canadian astronaut Dave Williams), a book about space medicine. Follow her on Twitter @howellspace (opens in new tab)Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom (opens in new tab) or Facebook (opens in new tab).

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Elizabeth Howell
Staff Writer, Spaceflight

Elizabeth Howell, Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022. She was contributing writer for Space.com (opens in new tab) for 10 years before that, since 2012. Elizabeth's reporting includes an exclusive with Office of the Vice-President of the United States, speaking several times with the International Space Station, witnessing five human spaceflight launches on two continents, working inside a spacesuit, and participating in a simulated Mars mission. Her latest book, "Why Am I Taller?", is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University and (soon) a Bachelor of History from Athabasca University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science since 2015. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday. Mastodon: https://qoto.org/@howellspace