Artemis 1 moon mannequins unpacked from Orion spacecraft (photos)

mannequin in a spacesuit and helmet lying in packing tape
Commander Moonikin Campos is packed within a transport crate at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Jan. 10, 2023 following deloading from the Artemis 1 Orion spacecraft. (Image credit: NASA/Cory Huston)

A late lunar holiday shipment is on its way to scientists.

Three mannequins that flew to the moon and back aboard NASA's Orion capsule late last year are now on their way home to their respective labs. The trio participated in the agency's Artemis 1 mission, which launched Nov. 16 atop a powerful Space Launch System rocket and splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on Dec. 11.

Commander Moonikin Campos, named after an Apollo 13 engineer, was stowed in a packing crate at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Jan. 10 with his German counterparts, Helga and Zohar, emerging from the spacecraft a day later on Jan. 11.

The next stop for Campos will be NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, while the twin German Space Agency (DLR) mannequins will wing their way overseas. Radiation and acceleration data from the mannequins will be scrutinized to see how well the Orion spacecraft will protect humans on future moon missions later in the 2020s.

Related: NASA's Artemis program: Everything you need to know

Investigators wanted to make sure Orion is ready to launch astronauts around the moon, which will happen on the Artemis 2 mission, scheduled to lift off in 2024. So they put three mannequins in Orion for Artemis 1.

On the recent mission, Orion ventured into a high-radiation zone nearly 270,000 miles (435,000 kilometers) from Earth. That's an environment that only a handful of Apollo astronauts ever encountered, back in the 1960s and 1970s when measuring instruments were not as precise as today's generation. 

Indeed, Orion went farther than any human-rated spacecraft ever had before, breaking the distance record set by Apollo 13 in April 1970.

Related: Artemis 1 will help NASA protect astronauts from deep space radiation

German Space Agency mannequins Zohar (in foreground) and Helga are unpacked from the Artemis 1 Orion spacecraft at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Jan. 11, 2023. The two Matroshka AstroRad Radiation Experiment (MARE) mannequins measured radiation during the moon mission, with Zohar sporting a radiation protection vest from Israeli partner StemRad and Helga going without. (Image credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett)

To assess radiation and the mitigation efforts that could counter its worst effects, the DLR mannequin Zohar sported a protective vest from Israeli partner StemRad, while Helga flew without one to serve as a control.

Moonikin Campos also sported dual radiation sensors, along with a set of acceleration sensors beneath his seat and headrest. The additional sensors measured the gravity loads of launch, landing and other big mission events for human safety.

NASA is expected to name the Artemis 2 crew in early 2023, and at least one will be a foreigner: a Canadian Space Agency astronaut will gain a seat through the Canadarm3 robot arm contribution to NASA's planned moon-orbiting Gateway station

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency is also expected to get several Artemis seats, but how soon is not yet public knowledge. The first landing mission of the program, Artemis 3, is slated to occur no earlier than 2025.

Elizabeth Howell is the co-author of "Why Am I Taller (opens in new tab)?" (ECW Press, 2022; with Canadian astronaut Dave Williams), a book about space medicine. Follow her on Twitter @howellspace (opens in new tab). Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom (opens in new tab) or Facebook (opens in new tab).

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Elizabeth Howell
Staff Writer, Spaceflight

Elizabeth Howell, Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022. She was contributing writer for Space.com (opens in new tab) for 10 years before that, since 2012. Elizabeth's reporting includes an exclusive with Office of the Vice-President of the United States, speaking several times with the International Space Station, witnessing five human spaceflight launches on two continents, working inside a spacesuit, and participating in a simulated Mars mission. Her latest book, "Why Am I Taller?", is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University and (soon) a Bachelor of History from Athabasca University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science since 2015. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday. Mastodon: https://qoto.org/@howellspace

  • Don Bradstreet
    The SLS should had been scrubbed about 3 years ago. It is behind schedule, over budget by several Billion Tax Dollars, uses to many out dated parts and systems and the capsule is the only possible reusable part that might be reused after a lengthy inspection and refurbish process.
    We also need to transport Nuclear Waste to be incinerated into the sun. SpaceX seem to be the one to do this. Elon Musk is an in-visionary.

    Thank you for your time and consideration.
    Don
    Reply