Mars Is Closest to Earth in 11 Years on Monday: What to Expect

Mars in all its beauty as seen by the Indian Space Research Organization's Mangalyaan spacecraft in orbit around the Red Planet.
Mars in all its beauty as seen by the Indian Space Research Organization's Mangalyaan spacecraft in orbit around the Red Planet. (Image credit: Indian Space Research Organisation)

Time to tune up your telescopes! Mars is at its closest to Earth in 11 years on Monday (May 30), providing a great closer to Memorial Day events.

Even if you're too busy doing other things that night to gaze at the Red Planet, you'll still get a good chance for at least two weeks. While Mars is technically at its closest on Monday at 47.2 million miles (76 million kilometers) from Earth, it will remain closer than 48 million miles (77.2 million km) up until June 12.

"Just look southeast after the end of twilight, and you can't miss it," Alan MacRobert, a senior editor of Sky & Telescope magazine, said in a statement. "Mars looks almost scary now, compared to how it normally looks in the sky." [First Mars, Then Saturn - It's An Opposition Party! (Video)]

If bad weather threatens to spoil your Mars experience on Monday, you have a back up. The online Slooh Community Observatory will offer a free live webcast of Mars with its remotely operated telescopes. You can follow the webcast at, beginning at 9 p.m. EDT (0100 GMT). You can also watch the Mars webcast on here, courtesy of Slooh.

This sky map shows the location of Mars in the southeastern sky at 9 p.m. local time on May 30, 2016, when the planet will be at its closest to Earth in 11 years. Saturn will also be visible nearby, weather permitting. (Image credit: Starry Night Software)

Mars and Earth periodically come close to each other every 26 months, but the distance of the closest approach varies because both planets have elliptical orbits. According to skywatching columnist Joe Rao, Mars was even closer in 2003 because it was at opposition — when the sun, Earth and Mars are in a straight line in space — just 42 hours before it reached its closest approach to Earth. Mars hadn't been that close to Earth in 60,000 years.

"Perihelic oppositions" of Mars, when Mars is at its closest to the sun and Earth at the same time, only take place about every 15 to 17 years, Rao added. Luckily for skywatchers, the next one is around the corner; Mars will be even brighter and closer than this year's approach in June 2018.

The planet is so bright during its closest approach that you can see it with the naked eye. All you need to do is look at the constellation Scorpius low in the southern sky (in the Northern Hemisphere). Mars is above Scorpius' brightest star Antares, which is called the "rival of Mars" because sometimes the Red Planet passes close by to the star.

To the left of Antares is another planet: Saturn, which glows white. You can easily tell the planets apart from the star because they won't twinkle as much. The Earth's atmosphere distorts the star's light because it far enough away to appear as a single point.

Mars will appear as a brighter red dot in binoculars. With a large telescope, it will be a challenge to pick out features such as its ice cap or clouds, but sometimes amateurs pull up amazing imagery using a combination of good seeing and good computer software.

Mars is actually outshone right now in the sky by the planet Jupiter, which is flying high in the southwest. While Jupiter is farther from the sun, it is brighter because it is 20 times larger in diameter than Mars, the Sky & Telescope statement said.

Editor's note:If you snap an amazing photo of Mars and would like to share it with and our news partners for a possible story or image gallery, send images and comments to managing editor Tariq Malik at

Follow Elizabeth Howell @howellspace, or @Spacedotcom. We're also on Facebook and Google+. Original article on

Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at:

Elizabeth Howell
Staff Writer, Spaceflight

Elizabeth Howell (she/her), Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022 covering diversity, education and gaming as well. She was contributing writer for for 10 years before joining full-time. Elizabeth's reporting includes multiple exclusives with the White House and Office of the Vice-President of the United States, an exclusive conversation with aspiring space tourist (and NSYNC bassist) Lance Bass, speaking several times with the International Space Station, witnessing five human spaceflight launches on two continents, flying parabolic, working inside a spacesuit, and participating in a simulated Mars mission. Her latest book, "Why Am I Taller?", is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University and a Bachelor of History from Canada's Athabasca University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science at several institutions since 2015; her experience includes developing and teaching an astronomy course at Canada's Algonquin College (with Indigenous content as well) to more than 1,000 students since 2020. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday. Mastodon: