XCOR Rocket Plane Eyes Point-To-Point Record

Private Spaceflight: Shifting into Fast Forward
XCOR Aerospace is making progress in putting together its suborbital business plans. The group is also engaged in future rocket races based on their EZ-Rocket design. Image (Image credit: XCOR Aerospace)

A record-setting, point-to-point piloted rocket plane flight is scheduled for next month.

XCOR Aerospace of Mojave, California is flying its EZ-Rocket from the inland Mojave, California Airport/Spaceport to California City--just some 11 statute miles away, but still a stab at the record books.

The flight is scheduled for December 3, said Aleta Jackson, an executive for XCOR Aerospace, based in Mojave, California. "The distance record for point-to-point rocket-powered take off and landing is up for grabs," she told SPACE.com.

The firm's EZ-Rocket fits the Class C1b Group IV, a vehicle that is launched from the ground with the rocket engines under control throughout the flight, Jackson said. The journey is to be monitored by the National Aeronautic Association.

At the controls for the trek from the spaceport to California City will be Dick Rutan, who made history in 1986 as co-pilot on the Voyager airplane that carried out the first nonstop, around-the-world flight without refueling.

Hauling the mail

Jackson said that the plan is to fly the EZ-Rocket back from California City to Mojave, around December 10th. Between flights, the rocket plane will be placed in a hangar in California City, she said.

"We also plan to deliver some mail to California City...deliver it, not just carry some post cards for souvenirs," Jackson added. "I don't think that has ever been done with a piloted rocket powered vehicle. We would like to set a precedent."

The EZ-Rocket "is pretty much ready to go," said XCOR's Randall Clague, team leader of flight operations for the point-to-point hop. No modifications of the vehicle will be required for the 10-minute milestone-making flight, he said.

"We can get there comfortably, given the margins we have," Clague said. As for the rocket plane's cargo of mail, he added: "It's a unique form of delivery between post offices."

Twin rocket engines

With Dick Rutan at the controls, the rocket plane will soar to some 11,000 feet during the flight.

The EZ-Rocket is a modified Long-EZ homebuilt aircraft. The vehicle is propelled by twin 400-pound thrust regeneratively-cooled rocket engines and fueled by isopropyl alcohol and liquid oxygen.

"As far as we know, it'll be the first intentional cross-country flight of a rocket plane...and the first roundtrip under power," Clague told SPACE.com. "It's basically Dick's payment," Clague continued, for flying the vehicle in its initial test program because "all we ever paid him was breakfast...and we paid for the fuel."

Clague said it is easier and safer to fly the rocket plane back to Mojave from California City, rather than disassemble the craft and cart it home via ground transportation.

A decision is forthcoming about the person that will pilot the EZ-Rocket on the return leg to Mojave, Clague said. It could be Dick Rutan or former shuttle astronaut, Rick Searfoss.

It was Searfoss who put the rocket-powered craft through its paces last month at the Countdown to the X Prize Cup festivities in Las Cruces, New Mexico. He is a former commander of the space shuttle Columbia, flying three shuttle missions in total.

Next up: rocket racing

Could the point-to-point rocket plane trip stir up others to try and defeat the record?

"If anybody else has a rocket plane and wants to try and beat the record after we set it...they are more than welcome to try it. We love competition," Clague responded.

With the EZ-Rocket's travel back to the Mojave Spaceport, the craft is to be retired, Clague said. "We built it as an operations demonstrator. It accomplished its mission. The technology and the airplane are three generations old now," he said.

XCOR Aerospace is on tap to design and build the first generation of X-Racers for the newly-formed Rocket Racing League.

It was announced in early October that the X-Racers are based on the design of XCOR's EZ-Rocket. Next generation vehicles will be using an airframe provided by Velocity of Sebastian, Florida.

Spearheading the Rocket Racing League is Peter Diamandis who serves as the group's chairman and co-founder. He is also the founder of the X Prize which has been a leading force in speeding up the age of personal spaceflight.

The League has declared that the inaugural race of X-Racers will take place in October of next year during X Prize Cup activities in Las Cruces, New Mexico.

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Leonard David
Space Insider Columnist

Leonard David is an award-winning space journalist who has been reporting on space activities for more than 50 years. Currently writing as Space.com's Space Insider Columnist among his other projects, Leonard has authored numerous books on space exploration, Mars missions and more, with his latest being "Moon Rush: The New Space Race" published in 2019 by National Geographic. He also wrote "Mars: Our Future on the Red Planet" released in 2016 by National Geographic. Leonard  has served as a correspondent for SpaceNews, Scientific American and Aerospace America for the AIAA. He has received many awards, including the first Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History in 2015 at the AAS Wernher von Braun Memorial Symposium. You can find out Leonard's latest project at his website and on Twitter.