Photos: Europe's ExoMars Missions to Mars in Pictures

Schiaparelli ExoMars Lander's Crash Site

Main image: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS, Arizona State University; inserts: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

The landing site of ExoMars’ Schiaparelli lander within the predicted landing ellipse (top), along with zoomed-in, before-and-after views (bottom left and bottom right, respectively) showing evidence of the lander’s crash on Oct. 19, 2016.

ExoMars Lander's Crash Site: Zoomed-in MRO View

NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona

Zoomed-in view of an Oct. 25, 2016, image from the HiRISE camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter showing the crater gauged out by the impact of Europe's Schiaparelli lander on Oct. 19, 2016 (center). The inset at upper right shows the vehicle’s front heat shield.

Proton Rocket for ExoMars 2016

ESA-Stephane Corvaja

The Proton rocket that will launch the ExoMars 2016 spacecraft to Mars is shown being moved into a vertical position at the launch pad at Baikonur, Kazakhstan, on March 11, 2016, ahead of a planned March 14 launch.

ExoMars 2016 Spacecraft Rollout

B. Bethge/ESA

A Russian Proton rocket and its ExoMars 2016 payload are hoisted into vertical position at Kazakhstan's Baikonur Cosmodrome on March 11, 2016.

ExoMars Spacecraft Mated to Proton Rocket


The ExoMars spacecraft and its Proton rocket, inside a facility at Kazakhstan’s Baikonur Cosmodrome on March 5, 2016.

ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter: Artist’s Concept


Artist's illustration of Europe's ExoMarsTrace Gas Orbiter releasing the Schiaparelli landing demonstrator near Mars.

ExoMars Spacecraft at Baikonur

TAS-I - G.Passarelli

The ExoMars 2016 spacecraft (inside the fairing) and the Breeze-M upper stage of Russia’s Proton rocket are transported to an area at Kazakhstan’s Baikonur Cosmodrome to be integrated with the rest of the Proton launch vehicle. Photo taken on March 5, 2016.

ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter Scientific Instruments


The ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, part of the first ESA and NASA joint Mars mission in 2016, will investigate trace gases - atmospheric gases that are present in small concentrations (less than 1% of the atmosphere). The scientific instruments onboard the Orbiter include an infrared radiometer to detect chemicals, dust and potentially water vapour in the Martian atmosphere (EMCS), along with spectrometers able to detect elements at trace levels (MATMOS and NOMAD). A stereo imaging camera (HiSCI) and a wide-angle multi-spectral camera (MAGIE) will support the other instruments and provide images of the planet’s surface. The current configuration of the instruments onboard the Orbiter is shown in this schematic diagram. The 2016 mission also encompasses the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM). The EDM, a technology demonstration vehicle carried by the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, can also be seen in this image. Image updated Mar. 9, 2011.

EXOMARS 2016 Spacecraft Encapsulated

B. Bethge/ESA

ExoMars 2016 Trace Gas Orbiter and Schiaparelli stand ready for encapsulation in the payload fairing at Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on March 2, 2016.

EXOMARS 2016 Spacecraft Encapsulated

B. Bethge/ESA

ExoMars 2016 spacecraft composite, comprised of the Trace Gas Orbiter and Schiaparelli, udnergoes mating with the Breeze upper stage on the conical launch vehicle adapter,

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