Columnist Leonard David

US military's X-37B space plane zooms past 900 days in orbit

The X-37B recently broke its own mission-duration record.
The U.S. Space Force's robotic X-37B space plane has been aloft for more than 900 days on its current mission, the sixth for the X-37B program. (Image credit: Boeing Space)

The U.S. military's X-37B robotic space plane just passed 900 days in orbit on its latest hush-hush mission, adding to the program's flight-duration record. 

The current mission is the sixth for the X-37B program and is therefore known as OTV-6 ("Orbital Test Vehicle 6"). It launched on May 17, 2020, from Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida, and it's unclear when it will end.

OTV-6 is the first X-37B flight to use a service module to host experiments. The service module is an attachment to the aft of the vehicle that allows additional experimental payload capability to be carried to orbit.

The mission also deployed FalconSat-8, a small satellite developed by the U.S. Air Force Academy and sponsored by the Air Force Research Laboratory to conduct several experiments on orbit.

In addition, two NASA experiments are onboard the space plane to study the results of radiation and other space effects on a materials sample plate and seeds used to grow food.

Related: The US Space Force's secretive X-37B space plane: 10 surprising facts

Technology testing

A U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) experiment is also onboard the space plane, evaluating technology to transform solar power into radio frequency microwave energy. 

That experiment, called the Photovoltaic Radio-frequency Antenna Module, or PRAM, continues to crank out data, said Paul Jaffe, an electronics engineer and researcher at the NRL.

"It's still chugging along," Jaffe told Inside Outer Space. "The longer we're up there, the more we learn."

The X-37B doubtless toted other payloads that we don't know about on OTV-6 as well; many of the vehicle's experiments and activities are classified.

Technologies being tested in the X-37B program include advanced guidance, navigation and control, thermal protection systems, avionics, high temperature structures and seals, conformal reusable insulation, lightweight electromechanical flight systems, advanced propulsion systems, advanced materials and autonomous orbital flight, reentry and landing, U.S. Space Force officials have said.

Flight roster

Here’s a listing of the previous flights of the Boeing-built space plane:

  • OTV-1: launched on April 22, 2010 and landed on Dec. 3, 2010, spending over 224 days in orbit.
  • OTV-2: launched on March 5, 2011 and landed on June 16, 2012, spending over 468 days in orbit.
  • OTV-3: launched on Dec. 11, 2012 and landed on Oct. 17, 2014, spending over 674 days in orbit.
  • OTV-4: launched on May 20, 2015 and landed on May 7, 2015, spending nearly 718 days in orbit.
  • OTV-5: launched on Sept. 7, 2017 and landed on Oct. 27, 2019, spending nearly 780 days in orbit.

When and where OTV-6 will return to Earth is anybody's guess.

OTV-1, OTV-2 and OTV-3 landed at Vandenberg Space Force Base in California, while the OTV-4 and OTV-5 missions touched down at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

China's space plane

Meanwhile, China's orbital space plane, catalogued as 53357/2022-093A, is also circuiting the Earth. It was lofted on Aug. 4. Space tracker Robert Christy of Orbital Focus notes that China's craft recently ejected something into space.

That new object separated from the main vehicle between Oct. 24 and Oct. 30, Christy reported. The two objects are very close to each other and perhaps are station keeping, he said.

Leonard David is author of the book "Moon Rush: The New Space Race," published by National Geographic in May 2019. A longtime writer for, David has been reporting on the space industry for more than five decades. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom or on Facebook.   

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Leonard David
Space Insider Columnist

Leonard David is an award-winning space journalist who has been reporting on space activities for more than 50 years. Currently writing as's Space Insider Columnist among his other projects, Leonard has authored numerous books on space exploration, Mars missions and more, with his latest being "Moon Rush: The New Space Race" published in 2019 by National Geographic. He also wrote "Mars: Our Future on the Red Planet" released in 2016 by National Geographic. Leonard  has served as a correspondent for SpaceNews, Scientific American and Aerospace America for the AIAA. He has received many awards, including the first Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History in 2015 at the AAS Wernher von Braun Memorial Symposium. You can find out Leonard's latest project at his website and on Twitter.