Tropical Storm Nicole batters Florida as NASA's Artemis 1 moon rocket rides out storm

The Artemis I is seen with clouds rolling in at the Kennedy Space Center on Monday, Aug. 29, 2022 in Cape Canaveral, FL.
The Artemis I is seen with clouds rolling in at the Kennedy Space Center on Monday, Aug. 29, 2022 in Cape Canaveral, FL. (Image credit: (Kent Nishimura / Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)

Tropical Storm Nicole battered central Florida Thursday (Nov. 10)  where NASA's Artemis 1 moon rocket waits on the launch pad on the state's Space Coast.

The storm made landfall just south of Cape Canaveral, home to NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC), in the early morning hours on Thursday while it was still rated as a hurricane, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service (NWS). NOAA radar imagery showed the storm producing sustained winds of 75 mph (120 km/h) when it reached the Florida coast around 3 a.m. (0800 GMT).

Satellite imagery shows the storm moving to the west-northwest at 14 mph (22 km/h), where it will move across Central Florida throughout Thursday (Nov. 10) morning and into the Gulf of Mexico. Despite the storm weakening as it made landfall, there is still a chance that high winds and flooding could damage or otherwise further delay the launch of NASA's Artemis 1 moon rocket as it braces against the storm on Launch Pad 39B at KSC.

Related: NASA's Artemis 1 moon mission: Live updates
More: 10 wild facts about the Artemis 1 moon mission

Tropical Storm Nicole is now centered over Central Florida creating "strong winds, dangerous storm surge and waves, and heavy rains," according to the National Hurricane Center in Miami. The storm remains a life-threatening situation, the center wrote.

The SLS vehicle is designed to be able to withstand winds of up to 85 mph (137 km/h), NASA said in a statement on Nov. 8. The sustained winds of Tropical Storm Nicole were just under that rating when the storm made landfall, but there have been gusts reported that have exceeded that rating, according to Spaceflight Now. The Orlando Sentinel reported that some sensors at Launch Pad 39B recorded a maximum gust of 100 mph at 4:15 a.m. EST (0915 GMT) while winds averaged 85 mph.

In terms of the heavy rainfall the storm is bringing, NASA writes in the statement that SLS "is designed to withstand heavy rains at the launch pad and the spacecraft hatches have been secured to prevent water intrusion."

Livestreams of KSC courtesy of show Artemis 1's Space Launch System (SLS) rocket sitting on the pad as heavy rains obscure it from view. The camera focused on the rocket can be seen shaking in high winds intermittently as Tropical Storm Nicole swirls overhead.

It's not yet known if the storm will cause further delays of the launch of the highly anticipated launch of the Artemis 1 moon mission. NASA already delayed its launch to Wednesday (Nov. 16) to allow personnel to shelter from the storm. This is not the first time the launch has been delayed due to a storm; Hurricane Ian in late September forced NASA to roll SLS back to the Vehicle Assembly Building for shelter while critical repairs on glitching fueling valves were performed.

As the launch of Artemis 1 continues to be delayed, there are growing concerns that some of the SLS vehicle's components could expire based on current NASA analyses of their lifespans. If the launch is pushed back past mid-December, the agency will have to conduct further reviews to determine if the vehicle's boosters and other components remain launch-worthy. 

When Artemis 1 launches, it will send the Orion spacecraft into orbit around the moon and deploy a tranche of cubesats carrying various scientific experiments. The mission is designed to gather data that will inform later Artemis missions that will see crews land near the lunar south pole and eventually establish a permanent human presence on our moon. 

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Brett Tingley
Managing Editor,

Brett is curious about emerging aerospace technologies, alternative launch concepts, military space developments and uncrewed aircraft systems. Brett's work has appeared on Scientific American, The War Zone, Popular Science, the History Channel, Science Discovery and more. Brett has English degrees from Clemson University and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. In his free time, Brett enjoys skywatching throughout the dark skies of the Appalachian mountains.