Mars helicopter Ingenuity went silent for 6 'agonizing' days in April

an aerial photograph of the surface of Mars with Perseverance rover in the background
A photograph of the Perseverance rover and the Martian surface taken by the Ingenuity helicopter on April 22, 2023, during its 51st Red Planet flight. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

NASA's Mars helicopter Ingenuity had its handlers sweating bullets about two months ago.

The little chopper failed to check in with the mission team for about six days in early April, Ingenuity chief engineer Travis Brown wrote in an update on May 26

This was not a cause for concern at first. Since January of this year, when winter set in at Ingenuity's digs — the floor of Mars' Jezero Crater — the solar-powered chopper "had unfortunately been drifting in and out of nighttime survival mode (having enough power to avoid overnight brownouts)," Brown wrote in the update. 

This led to uncertainty in Ingenuity's daily wakeup time, which made it harder to hail the chopper and to plan out its activities. In addition, during this stretch, a rocky outcrop created a "communications shadow" between Ingenuity and its robotic partner, the Perseverance rover, which relays commands to and from the 4-pound (1.8-kilogram) rotorcraft. 

Related: Facts about the Mars helicopter Ingenuity, 1st aircraft to fly on Red Planet

But when the life-hunting, sample-collecting Perseverance came back into communications range "and the helicopter was still nowhere to be found, the situation began to generate some unease," wrote Brown, who's based at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California.

"Poor telecom performance was seen as a plausible explanation, but there were reasons to doubt it," he added. "In more than 700 sols operating the helicopter on Mars, not once had we ever experienced a total radio blackout. Even in the worst communications environments, we had always seen some indication of activity."

One sol, or Martian day, is slightly longer than an Earth day, lasting about 24 hours and 40 minutes.

The Ingenuity blackout began on sol 755, or April 5. It finally ended on sol 761, when the mission team spotted a signal during the helicopter's expected wakeup window. A second signal at the same time on sol 762 "confirmed that the helicopter was indeed alive, which came as a welcome relief for the team," Brown wrote. 

Ingenuity conducted its 50th flight on Mars the very next day — sol 763, or April 13. It reached a maximum altitude of 59 feet (18 meters) on that sortie, higher than it had ever gone before. 

"It would be an understatement to say that the helicopter team was relieved to see the successful flight telemetry in the sol 763 downlink the following morning," Brown wrote.

Ingenuity flew again on April 22 but has stayed ground-bound since then. 

Summer will soon return to Jezero Crater, but the communications issues may persist beyond the change of seasons, according to Brown. That's because there's a large amount of Martian dust on Ingenuity's solar panels, which will likely keep the chopper in its current "transitional power state" for a while yet.

"This means that, much to the chagrin of her team, we are not yet done playing this high-stakes game of hide and seek with the playful little helicopter," Brown wrote.

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Mike Wall
Senior Space Writer

Michael Wall is a Senior Space Writer with and joined the team in 2010. He primarily covers exoplanets, spaceflight and military space, but has been known to dabble in the space art beat. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter.