NASA's powerful $10 billion space telescope is firing on all cylinders again.
The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST or Webb) returned to full science operations on Monday (Jan. 30), recovering from a glitch that affected one of its instruments.
The Webb team conducted days of testing and evaluation after a "communications delay" on Jan. 15 caused issues with the telescope's Near Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph (NIRISS) instrument, according to a Tuesday (Jan. 31) statement (opens in new tab) from NASA.
"Observations that were impacted by the pause in NIRISS operations will be rescheduled," said the agency in its brief statement, noting the instrument was recovered successfully on Friday (Jan. 27).
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NIRISS was provided by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), so personnel from NASA and the CSA worked alongside one another for troubleshooting. The initial issue was a "communications delay within the instrument, causing its flight software to time out," according to a Jan. 24 statement (opens in new tab) from NASA.
NIRISS can normally work in four different modes (opens in new tab), according to NASA. The instrument may be tasked with working as a camera when other JWST instruments are busy. Alternatively, NIRISS can look at light signatures of small exoplanet atmospheres, do high-contrast imaging or examine distant galaxies.
Prior to the NIRISS glitch, an issue arose on another Webb instrument in August 2022: a grating wheel inside the observatory's Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI). The wheel is required for just one of MIRI's four observing modes, however, so the instrument continued observing during recovery operations. Work on recovering the affected mode, called the Medium Resolution Spectrometer, was completed in November.
In December, the JWST team also spent two weeks dealing with a glitch that kept putting the telescope into safe mode, making science observations difficult. A software glitch in the observatory's attitude control system was pinpointed as the issue, affecting the direction in which the telescope points. The observatory bounced back relatively quickly from that problem, resuming full science operations on Dec. 20.
Elizabeth Howell is the co-author of "Why Am I Taller (opens in new tab)?" (ECW Press, 2022; with Canadian astronaut Dave Williams), a book about space medicine. Follow her on Twitter @howellspace (opens in new tab). Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom (opens in new tab) or Facebook (opens in new tab).