Astronauts Making Big Delivery at Space Station

Astronauts Making Big Delivery at Space Station
This view from a camera on the hull of the International Space Station shows the shuttle Discovery and its Leonardo cargo pod during transfer work on April 7, 2010 on NASA's STS-131 mission. (Image credit: NASA TV)

It?s moving day at the International Space Station, whereshuttle astronauts are delivering a cargo module the size of a small bus packedwith tons of fresh supplies and equipment.

The shuttle Discovery and a crewof seven astronauts arrived at the space station early Wednesday hauling anItalian-built cargo pod filled with 17,000 pounds (7,711 kg) of spare parts andequipment for the station?s crew.

Together, all 13 astronauts on the linked shuttleand space station will use the orbiting laboratory?s Canadian-built roboticarm to pluck the cargo pod ? called Leonardo ? out of Discovery?s payload bayand attach it to the station.

?It is a challenging part. It?s like moving into a newhouse,? said Discovery astronaut Naoko Yamazaki, Japan?s second femaleastronaut and the loadmaster ? or cargo chief ? of the shuttle flight, in aNASA interview. ?

Special delivery

The Leonardo module is about 21 feet long and 15 feet wide, and weighed about 27,274 pounds when it was packed for Discovery's 13-day mission.

Yamazaki will help move the Leonardo module and overseethe nearly 120 hours of transfer work over nine days to move new scienceequipment, fresh supplies and spare parts from the cargo pod to thespace station. Once the pod is empty, the astronauts will fill it withbroken equipment, trash and other gear slated to return to Earth.

?Some items needs to be treated very carefully and someitems need to be transferred in a certain order,? Yamazaki said. ?I believe itwill go well with all my great crew members? help.?

Some of the big ticket items for the station inside thecargo pod are several racks of new science experiments, each of them the sizeof a double-wide refrigerator. The module also contains a new astronaut bedroomfor the station, which will eventually be converted into the equivalent ofspace bathing room for washing up.

The astronauts are also delivering a novel devicedesigned to create waterfor the station?s crew using waste hydrogen and carbon dioxide gases. The processcreates methane as well, which will be vented overboard, NASA engineers havesaid.

This is NASA?s last flight of a cargo pod like Leonardo (severalwere built). It is also the Leonardo module?s last round trip to space. Whennext flies to the space station later this year, it will be left attachedpermanently to serve as a walk in closet.

Discovery is also hauling huge spare ammonia coolant tankto be installed on the station?s exterior during the mission?s three plannedspacewalks. The first spacewalk is slated to begin on Friday.

Shuttle heat shield analysis

While astronauts work in space, engineers on Earth arebusy analyzing data and images of their Tuesday inspection of Discovery?s heatshield. A mainantenna failure on Discovery forced the shuttle crew to wait until arrivingat the station to beam the data to Earth.

Mission managers will sift through the data to determineof Discovery?s heat shield has suffered any damage severe enough to warrantextra inspections or repairs. So far, NASA has found no cause for concern withthe shuttle?s heat shield.

The inspections are a standard part of every NASA shuttlemission since the tragic loss of shuttle Columbia and seven astronauts in 2003.Heat shield damage caused by debris during liftoff caused the disaster, so NASAhas developed inspection and repair techniques to keep close watch on shuttlehealth.

The current shuttle mission is one of NASA's four final shuttle missions before the agency retires its orbiter fleet in the fall.

Space station flight director Ed Van Cise said that highdata traffic on the space station?s own communications network slowed thetransfer of Discovery?s heat shield inspection data to Earth.

?As we?re all used to at home, sometimes some networksare slower than others,? Van Cise said.

  • Images - Shuttle Discovery's Stunning Pre-dawn Launch
  • Spotting Spaceships From Earth
  • Video - Inside Discovery?s STS-131 Space Mission

SPACE.com is providing complete coverage ofDiscovery's STS-131 mission to the International Space Station with ManagingEditor Tariq Malik and Staff Writer Clara Moskowitz based in New York. Click here for shuttlemission updates and a link to NASA TV.

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Tariq Malik
Editor-in-Chief

Tariq is the Editor-in-Chief of Space.com and joined the team in 2001, first as an intern and staff writer, and later as an editor. He covers human spaceflight, exploration and space science, as well as skywatching and entertainment. He became Space.com's Managing Editor in 2009 and Editor-in-Chief in 2019. Before joining Space.com, Tariq was a staff reporter for The Los Angeles Times covering education and city beats in La Habra, Fullerton and Huntington Beach. In October 2022, Tariq received the Harry Kolcum Award (opens in new tab) for excellence in space reporting from the National Space Club Florida Committee. He is also an Eagle Scout (yes, he has the Space Exploration merit badge) and went to Space Camp four times as a kid and a fifth time as an adult. He has journalism degrees from the University of Southern California and New York University. You can find Tariq at Space.com and as the co-host to the This Week In Space podcast (opens in new tab) with space historian Rod Pyle on the TWiT network (opens in new tab). To see his latest project, you can follow Tariq on Twitter @tariqjmalik (opens in new tab).