This story was updated at 2:10 p.m. EDT.
HOUSTON - Two spacewalking astronauts ripped a handrail out of the Hubble Space Telescope with their own brute strength on Sunday in a last-ditch effort to move it clear of an old broken instrument they were trying to fix.
It was Plan C for NASA and not Mission Control's first choice for Atlantis astronauts Michael Massimino and Michael Good as they worked on the 19-year-old Hubble. The spacewalkers were trying to fix a spectrograph that was never designed to be repaired in space. But they had to remove the handrail just to reach their work site.
The spacewalkers eventually wrenched the handrail free and can finally reach the broken spectrograph at the heart of today's repair. But then a power tool failed, sending them scrambling for a spare.
"Oh, for Pete's sake!" Massimino exclaimed. The spacewalk was expected to run 6 1/2 hours, and will likely be extended by hours.
Brute strength in space
After two separate attempts to unscrew the bolt out with different custom-made tools -- Plans A and B -- Mission Control finally gave Massimino the go ahead to just rip the handrail off, while taking care not to lose any of the broken pieces. The handrail was attached to a cover plate with four bolts, three of which were easily removed. It was the last bolt that stuck fast, apparently because it was stripped.
"Make sure you're ready," said astronaut Andrew Feustel, who was coaching the spacewalkers from inside Atlantis.
Mission Control warned the astronauts that it would take some serious strength to bend the handrail and shear off the stuck bolt. Massimino braced himself, then let loose. Mission Control was essentially blind as Atlantis passed out of live video range.
"Easy Mike, just real easy," Good said.
"There we go! I think I got it," Massimino said. "I don't think we even scattered any debris."
The astronauts and Mission Control cheered.
"Awesome job," Mission Control radioed the astronauts. "We?re back in with the regular scheduled program -- wonderful."
But first, Massimino asked for a well-deserved break.
"I don't know how to describe what just happened, but after what just happened I think we all need a minute to straighten things out," he said. Mission Control agreed.
It was after they removed the handrail that a vital miniature power tool failed. An exasperated Massimino had to go grab a spare. He later asked how things were going inside Atlantis.
"It's a real nail-biter, buddy," said astronaut Andrew Feustel, who was coaching the spacewalkers from inside Atlantis.
Fixing Hubble's spectrograph
With the handrail clear and the spare power tool, Massimino and Good will finally be press ahead with today's planned repair of Hubble's broken Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph, a versatile instrument that can detect supermassive black holes and the chemical makeup of the atmosphere around distant alien planets.
The spacewalk is the fourth of five challenging spacewalks of Atlantis' mission to overhaul Hubble for the fifth and final time. After the last spacewalk on Monday, there will be no more chances to fix the iconic space telescope since NASA is retiring its space shuttle fleet next year.
The spectrograph is designed to split light into individual wavelengths in order to study objects in space, but it an also be used as a camera. That dual purpose makes it unique among Hubble's instruments. It was installed in 1997 and suffered a power failure in 2004.
"It has many bells and whistles," Hubble's senior project scientist Dave Leckrone told reporters here at NASA's Johnson Space Center on Saturday.
Massimino and Good must remove 117 small screws from an access cover -- now that the handrail is removed -- and then pluck out a broken power supply circuit board. They will replace it with a new one, and then install a new cover plate. It is the second major repair of their mission. On Saturday, spacewalkers fixed Hubble's main camera.
Sunday's spacewalk began at 9:45 a.m. EDT (1345 GMT) as Atlantis and the attached Hubble flew 350 miles (563 km) above central Australia.
SPACE.com is providing continuous coverage of NASA's last mission to the Hubble Space Telescope with senior editor Tariq Malik in Houston and reporter Clara Moskowitz in New York. Click here for mission updates, live spacewalk coverage and SPACE.com's live NASA TV video feed.
- New Video - Hubble's STIS: The Ultimate Repair Job, Repaired Camera
- Image Gallery - The Hubble Repair Missions: Part 1, Part 2
- New Video Show - Hubble's Final Shuttle Service Call
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Tariq is the Editor-in-Chief of Space.com and joined the team in 2001, first as an intern and staff writer, and later as an editor. He covers human spaceflight, exploration and space science, as well as skywatching and entertainment. He became Space.com's Managing Editor in 2009 and Editor-in-Chief in 2019. Before joining Space.com, Tariq was a staff reporter for The Los Angeles Times covering education and city beats in La Habra, Fullerton and Huntington Beach. In October 2022, Tariq received the Harry Kolcum Award for excellence in space reporting from the National Space Club Florida Committee. He is also an Eagle Scout (yes, he has the Space Exploration merit badge) and went to Space Camp four times as a kid and a fifth time as an adult. He has journalism degrees from the University of Southern California and New York University. You can find Tariq at Space.com and as the co-host to the This Week In Space podcast with space historian Rod Pyle on the TWiT network. To see his latest project, you can follow Tariq on Twitter @tariqjmalik.