The Cassini spacecraft recently got its last close views of Dione, a small icy moon orbiting Saturn, and the results are astounding.
Images returned from the Aug. 17 flyby show a mottled surface of craters and ice. One image shows Dione in front of the rings of Saturn, emerging from shadow. The closest approach brought the spacecraft to within 295 miles (474 kilometers) of the moon's surface.You can see more of Cassini's amazing Dione photos in our full gallery.
"I am moved, as I know everyone else is, looking at these exquisite images of Dione's surface and crescent, and knowing that they are the last we will see of this far-off world for a very long time to come," Carolyn Porco, Cassini imaging team lead at the Space Science Institute in Colorado, said in a statement from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Cassini has had four other close encounters with Dione since arriving at the Saturn system in 2004. Its closest approach was in December 2011, when it came within 60 miles (100 kilometers) of the satellite's surface.
During this last close encounter, the spacecraft only took a few images of Dione because the main goal of the flyby was to measure the moon's gravity, which will help scientists learn about its internal structure. This made imaging tricky because it wasn't Cassini's camera that was controlling where the spacecraft was "looking." Instead, Cassini was mostly studying Dione with its gravity science experiment, as well as instruments to measure the moon's magnetosphere (magnetic environment) and plasma (superheated gas), to help scientists understand processes on the moon's surface.
Cassini's last close encounter with Dione is one in a series of flybys scheduled for 2014. The spacecraft will make three final flybys of Enceladus — a geyser-spouting moon — on Oct. 14, 28 and Dec. 19. During the Oct. 28 flyby, the spacecraft will move through one of the plumes at a distance of as little as 30 miles (49 kilometers) from the surface.
Next year, Cassini's flyby schedule includes distant looks at the tiny Saturn moons of Daphnis, Telesto, Epimetheus and Aegaeon as well as a few icy moons. In the last year before the mission conclusion in late 2017, Cassini will move through the space between Saturn and its rings.
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Elizabeth Howell (she/her), Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022 covering diversity, education and gaming as well. She was contributing writer for Space.com for 10 years before joining full-time. Elizabeth's reporting includes multiple exclusives with the White House and Office of the Vice-President of the United States, an exclusive conversation with aspiring space tourist (and NSYNC bassist) Lance Bass, speaking several times with the International Space Station, witnessing five human spaceflight launches on two continents, flying parabolic, working inside a spacesuit, and participating in a simulated Mars mission. Her latest book, "Why Am I Taller?", is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University and a Bachelor of History from Canada's Athabasca University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science at several institutions since 2015; her experience includes developing and teaching an astronomy course at Canada's Algonquin College (with Indigenous content as well) to more than 1,000 students since 2020. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday. Mastodon: https://qoto.org/@howellspace