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Brown Dwarf Photos: Failed Stars and Stellar Misfits Revealed

Pair of Brown Dwarfs May Include Coldest Known Star

ESO/L. Calçada

This artist’s impression shows the pair of brown dwarfs named CFBDSIR 1458+10. Observations with ESO’s Very Large Telescope and two other telescopes have shown that this pair is the coolest pair of brown dwarfs found so far. The two components are both about the same size as the planet Jupiter.

Small Brown Dwarfs Discovered by Subaru Telescope and Very Large Telescope

SONYC Team/Subaru Telescope

Brown dwarfs in the young star cluster NGC 1333. This photograph combines optical and infrared images taken with the Subaru Telescope. Brown dwarfs newly identified by the SONYC Survey are circled in yellow, while previously known brown dwarfs are circled in white. The arrow points to the least massive brown dwarf known in NGC 1333; it is only about six times heftier than Jupiter.

Brown Dwarf's Wild Weather

NASA/JPL-Caltech

This artist's illustration shows the atmosphere of a brown dwarf called 2MASSJ22282889-431026, which was observed simultaneously by NASA's Spitzer and Hubble space telescopes. The telescopes' observations indicate this brown dwarf is marked by wind-driven, planet-size clouds.

Brown Dwarf's Cloud Layers

NASA/JPL-Caltech

This artist's concept shows the brown dwarf 2MASSJ22282889-431026, which has a turbulent atmosphere somewhat similar to the giant planet Jupiter's.

Brown Dwarf Star Artist's Concept

NASA/JPL-Caltech

An artist's conception of a free-floating brown dwarf, or failed star.

Cosmic Dust Disc Around a Brown Dwarf

ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/M. Kornmesser (ESO)

This artist’s impression shows the disc of gas and cosmic dust around a brown dwarf.

Grains in the Disc Around a Brown Dwarf

ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/L. Calçada (ESO)

This artist’s impression shows these grains of cosmic dust in the disc around the brown dwarf. Image released Nov. 30, 2012.

Violent Storm on a Brown Dwarf Star

Jon Lomberg

Extreme brightness changes observed on a nearby tiny brown dwarf star may indicate a storm grander than any yet seen on an alien world, scientists say.

WISE Coldest Brown Dwarfs

NASA/JPL-Caltech

This artist's conception illustrates what a Y dwarf, the coldest type of brown dwarf, might look like. Y dwarfs are the coldest star-like bodies known, with temperatures that can be even cooler than the human body.

Twin Brown Dwarfs

NASA/JPL-Caltech

In this illustration, twin brown dwarfs orbit each other. Despite the name "brown dwarf", these objects cool and change over time, and therefore do not have a definitive color.

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