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NASA Solar Sail Satellite Ejects from Mothership in Space

NASA to Deploy Solar Sail This Summer
The Huntsville-based NanoSail-D team stands with the fully deployed sail at ManTech SRS technologies on April 16, 2008, after the successful deployment test.
(Image: © Science@NASA)

A small NASA satellite carrying afolded-up solar sailejected from its mothership in low-Earth orbit Monday (Dec. 6),marking akey success in NASA's efforts to develop and deploy solar-sailtechnology.

NanoSail-D, which is about the sizeof a loaf of bread,ejected from NASA's washing-machine-sized FASTSAT satellite at 1:31a.m. EST(0631 GMT) Monday.

NanoSail-D's 100-square-foot sail isstill folded up tightfor now. It should unfurl in about two days,  demonstrating atechnology thatNASA hopes will help bring decommissioned satellites down from Earth'sorbit withoutusing up valuable propellant. The idea is to use radiation from the sunas a sortof wind pushing against a thin sail to propel the lightweight craftthroughspace. [Pictureof NanoSail-D satellite.]

"This is a great step for our solarsail team with thesuccessful ejection of the NanoSail-D satellite from FASTSAT," DeanAlhorn, NanoSail-D principal investigator and aerospace engineer atNASA'sMarshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., said in a statement.

Doing things differently

Nanosatellites, also known as cubesats,are typically launched and deployed from a mechanism that mountsdirectly on alaunch vehicle. This is the first time NASA has mounted this mechanismon amicrosatellite to eject a cubesat, agency officials said.

FASTSAT ? short for Fast, Affordable,Science and TechnologySatellite ? launchedNov. 19 from Kodiak Island, Alaska, bearing six differentscience andtechnology demonstration payloads, including NanoSail-D.

"The successful ejection ofNanoSail-D demonstrates theoperational capability of FASTSAT as a cost-effective independent meansofplacing cubesat payloads into orbit safely," said Mark Boudreaux,FASTSATproject manager at Marshall Space Flight Center. "With this first stepbehind us, we have demonstrated we can launch a number of differenttypes of payloads using this common deployment system from anautonomousmicrosatellite like FASTSAT."

Sailing through space

Upon ejection, NanoSail-D initiated athree-day countdown tosail deployment, which should therefore take place in the early morninghoursof Dec. 9. 

At that time, four booms will popout, deploying thenanosatellite's sail in about five seconds if all goes according toplan. Thesail, made of a polymer material thinner than a human hair, catchesphotonsfrom the sun much as ships' sails catch the wind. [HowDo Solar Sails Work?]

With its sail out, NanoSail-D shouldstay in low-Earth orbitfrom 70 to 120 days, according to NASA officials. Over time, thesatellite willuse the sail to de-orbit, spiraling lower and lower without usingcostlypropellants like traditional satellites do.

The NanoSail-D flight results willhelp to mature thistechnology, perhaps enabling it to be used on future missions. Solarsailscould help de-orbit larger craft, thus helping free Earth orbit ofdangerous,cluttering space junk, NASA officials said.

NanoSail-D is not the firstspacecraft to demonstratesolar-sail technology. In June, Japan's Ikarosprobe deployed its solar sail, becoming the first craft tocruise throughspace propelled only by sunlight.

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