Wild 3D-printed space habitat prototype designed to fit inside SpaceX Starship lands in Switzerland

The Rosenberg Space Habitat (RSH), which will serve as an experimental lab for students designed to fit in a SpaceX Starship.
The Rosenberg Space Habitat is as an experimental lab for students designed to fit in a SpaceX Starship. (Image credit: Institut auf dem Rosenberg)

Perched in a Swiss experimental park is a space habitat inspired by SpaceX's Starship.

School-aged students at Institut auf dem Rosenberg, between ages 6 and 18, worked for years on a prototype for future astronauts that would fit inside the shell of SpaceX's powerful Starship rocket.

The results, unveiled on Wednesday (July 20), show a light-infused structure created in partnership with Danish architecture firm SAGA Space Architects. The three-storey building includes dedicated spots for analog astronauts to work and relax.

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In the coming years, students will complete "immersive learning modules" inside of the habitat. They will work inside what is said to be the world's tallest 3D-printed polymer structure at a height of 23 feet (7 meters), the institute said in a statement (opens in new tab) timed to coincide with the 53rd anniversary of the first human moon landing.

"Our aim is to provide future leaders with early exposure to the question of advanced space exploration, allowing our students to approach and solve ... complex questions from a collaborative and holistic point of view," Bernhard Gademann, director general of Rosenberg, said in the statement.

The three-floor Rosenberg Space Habitat prototype includes dedicated areas for work and rest, to promote crew well-being. (Image credit: Institut auf dem Rosenberg)

The Rosenberg Space Habitat took two years to create from "initial creative concepts and paper models," the institute said. Industrial partners assisted, with the 3D-printed outer shell created in Milan and the interior structure made in Copenhagen.

Using polymer in 3D printing was a deliberate choice, but somewhat unique, as "it provides more versatility than concrete that is used in most 3D printed structures." In anticipation of high ultraviolet (UV) radiation on the surface of the moon (opens in new tab) or Mars (opens in new tab), the material does have a UV stabilizer to make it  more durable. However, the habitat can also be broken down and the polymer reused to make a new structure if required.

Add-ons for student missions include a robot, called Spot, and multi-functional furniture allowing residents to make the most of cramped quarters. 

Institut auf dem Rosenberg students and SAGA Space Architects designed the Rosenberg Space Habitat to house two crew members with plenty of space and light. (Image credit: Institut auf dem Rosenberg)

Planned investigations, Rosenberg stated, will examine hardware, software, remote mission control systems and "sensory stimulation" including light, sound and smell. Students will also participate in projects meant to simulate "systems thinking" (how a a complex system interrelates between its parts) and to work in artificial intelligence.

Rosenberg added that they hoped the in-house investigations in their habitat would benefit future lunar explorers, as it will show students "not to fear new technology, but to embrace it and design it to its next generation."

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Elizabeth Howell
Staff Writer, Spaceflight

Elizabeth Howell, Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022. She was contributing writer for Space.com (opens in new tab) for 10 years before that, since 2012. Elizabeth's reporting includes an exclusive with Office of the Vice-President of the United States, speaking several times with the International Space Station, witnessing five human spaceflight launches on two continents, working inside a spacesuit, and participating in a simulated Mars mission. Her latest book, "Why Am I Taller?", is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University and (soon) a Bachelor of History from Athabasca University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science since 2015. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday. Mastodon: https://qoto.org/@howellspace