Meanwhile, Scott’s brother and fellow astronaut, Mark Kelly, will be monitored on Earth, in a first-ever twins study of health effects comparing space flight to living on Earth. [Read more news about the one-year mission]
YEAR IN SPACE STUDY KEY QUESTIONS:
How will astronauts perform mentally and physically after a year in space?
What changes are there to brain structure and sensory/motor abilities?
How do bodily fluids shift?
How are visual acuity and eye health affected?
How do the blood vessels change?
What is the risk of osteoporosis (brittleness of bones) and bone fracture?
How do microorganisms within the body change?
TWINS STUDY KEY QUESTIONS:
Does space travel accelerate atherosclerosis?
How do an individual’s genes affect fluid shifts and vision degradation?
How does space travel affect the genes, chromosomes, DNA and RNA?
Karl's association with SPACE.com goes back to 2000, when he was hired to produce interactive Flash graphics. Starting in 2010, Karl has been TechMediaNetwork's infographics specialist across all editorial properties. Before joining SPACE.com, Karl spent 11 years at the New York headquarters of The Associated Press, creating news graphics for use around the world in newspapers and on the web. He has a degree in graphic design from Louisiana State University. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Karl on Google+.