Fireball streaks across North Texas, creating light show and sonic boom

A fireball streaked across North Texas last night, leading to several hundred witness reports of a bright flash and sonic boom.

The celestial drama occurred around 9 p.m. local time on Sunday (July 25), according to CBS Dallas-Fort Worth (opens in new tab). The nonprofit American Meteor Society (AMS) has since recorded 213 reports of the fireball (opens in new tab), including three videos. The witnesses were mostly in northeastern Texas, but some reported seeing the fireball above Oklahoma, Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana. 

Videos of that fireball show a large object streaking across the sky for a few seconds. Most people who reported seeing the fireball estimated that it lasted between 3 and 4 seconds. About 14 people who saw the object said it made a sound as it streaked through the sky.

A view of a brilliant fireball that let up the night sky over North Texas on July 25, 2021 as captured by a doorbell camera by Juliah Bandy. (Image credit: Juliah Bandy)

A fireball is any meteor that is about as bright as the planet Venus in the evening sky, according to the AMS. As this NASA map shows (opens in new tab), fireballs occur around the world with regularity. These objects can start fairly large, according to NASA, measuring more than 3 feet (1 meter) in diameter before the friction of the atmosphere begins burning them up. They don't typically survive to reach the ground, though some larger fireballs might explode into fragments that can be found by meteorite hunters. Fireballs that explode are known as bolides. 

The ubiquity of doorbell cameras, cell phones and dash cams means that many fireballs are now caught on video, such as one that lit up the sky above Tennessee (opens in new tab) last summer and a bright green one (opens in new tab) that surprised researchers aboard a vessel in the Tasman Sea in the fall. The fireball that fell over Texas was preceded just a few hours by a large meteor exploding over Norway (opens in new tab)

In March, a bolide large enough to be seen (opens in new tab) during the day rocked England, Wales and northern France with a sonic boom. A bolide over England in February sprinkled bits of meteorite over a large area, including one family's driveway (opens in new tab).

Thousands of small meteorites (opens in new tab) hit the Earth each year, though most fall unnoticed into the ocean or into unpopulated regions. Many thousands more bits of rock and space dust burn up completely in the atmosphere, visible only as meteors. The next best opportunity to see meteors is in August, when Earth will pass through the lingering debris left by the Swift-Tuttle comet, creating the annual meteor shower known as the Perseids. These meteors are too tiny and fragile to reach Earth, but they create a light show of up to 100 shooting stars per hour. 

Originally published on Live Science

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Stephanie Pappas
Live Science Contributor

Stephanie Pappas is a contributing writer for sister site Live Science, covering topics ranging from geoscience to archaeology to the human brain and behavior. She was previously a senior writer for Live Science but is now a freelancer based in Denver, Colorado, and regularly contributes to Scientific American and The Monitor, the monthly magazine of the American Psychological Association. Stephanie received a bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of South Carolina and a graduate certificate in science communication from the University of California, Santa Cruz.