First Japanese Cargo Ship Leaves Space Station

First Japanese Cargo Ship Leaves Space Station
International Space Station cameras monitor the H-2 Transfer Vehicle 1 before the Canadarm2 releases it on Oct. 30 2009. (Image credit: NASA TV)

Japan?sfirst unmanned space cargo ship cast off from the International Space StationFriday as it nears the end of a successful maiden voyage.

Astronautsaboard the station used the outpost?s robotic arm to pluck the spacecraft, calledthe H-2 Transfer Vehicle 1 (HTV-1), free from an Earth-facing mooring and letit go at about 1:30 p.m. EDT (1730 GMT).

The HTV-1is the first in a new line of Japanesespace freighters to haul tons of supplies for astronauts aboard the spacestation. It is the latest addition to an international flotilla of unmannedspace cargo ships for the station that includes Russian and European vehicles.

But theHTV-1 is currently the only freighter capable of delivering cargo for useinside the station, as well as new experiments and other equipment for theoutpost?s exterior. It is due to fire its thrusters on Sunday in order to beginan intentional death plunge into Earth?s atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean.

?We?d liketo thank everybody across the planet for this beautiful vehicle,? NASAastronaut Nicole Stott radioed Mission Control as HTV-1 left the station?svicinity. ?It was pretty much flawless from beginning to end.?

NASA delayedthe departure of HTV-1 from the station by one orbit - about 90 minutes -in order to be sure a piece of Russian space junk would not pose a risk to thespacecraft. The debris, part of a defunct Russian satellite, posed no danger tothe space station and its crew, but could have posed a threat to the HTV-1 onceit entered a different orbit later today, NASA officials said.

The JapanAerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) launchedthe HTV-1 in early September using its brand-new H-2B rocket. Bothspacecraft functioned perfectly during the spaceflight debut. A mission controlcenter in Tsukuba, Japan, watched over HTV-1?s weeklong trek to the spacestation.

Thegleaming HTV-1 is a gold-colored cylinder about 33 feet (10 meters) long, 14feet (4.4 meters) wide and covered in solar panels attached to its curved hull.It is capable of hauling up to 6 tons of cargo to the space station, butHTV-1 carried about 4 1/2 tons of supplies on its maiden flight, NASA officialshave said.

HTV-1 arrivedat the space station on Sept. 17, when Stott and her five crewmates plucked itfrom space using the station?s robotic arm. They packed it with nearly 1,600 pounds (728 kg) of trash before discarding the disposable spacecraft Friday.

UnlikeRussian and European cargo ships, which can fly themselves up to the spacestation autonomously, HTV-1 is designed to be grappled by the station?s arm.NASA hopes to use a similar method for securing future commercial cargo shipsbuilt in the United States.

JAXAofficials said Japan spent about $220 million to build HTV-1, but thespacecraft?s development has cost an estimated $680 million since 1997. TheJapanese agency plans to build at least one new HTV a year, they added.

  • Video - Building Japan?s First Spaceship
  • Video - Japan's Spaceship Dreams: Part 1, Part 2
  • Video - The Expanding Danger of Space Junk


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Tariq Malik

Tariq is the Editor-in-Chief of and joined the team in 2001, first as an intern and staff writer, and later as an editor. He covers human spaceflight, exploration and space science, as well as skywatching and entertainment. He became's Managing Editor in 2009 and Editor-in-Chief in 2019. Before joining, Tariq was a staff reporter for The Los Angeles Times covering education and city beats in La Habra, Fullerton and Huntington Beach. In October 2022, Tariq received the Harry Kolcum Award for excellence in space reporting from the National Space Club Florida Committee. He is also an Eagle Scout (yes, he has the Space Exploration merit badge) and went to Space Camp four times as a kid and a fifth time as an adult. He has journalism degrees from the University of Southern California and New York University. You can find Tariq at and as the co-host to the This Week In Space podcast with space historian Rod Pyle on the TWiT network. To see his latest project, you can follow Tariq on Twitter @tariqjmalik.