Engineers Inspect Atlantis Shuttle’s Hail-Damaged Fuel Tank

Engineers Inspect Atlantis Shuttle’s Hail-Damaged Fuel Tank
On an upper level of high bay 1 of the Vehicle Assembly Building, technicians move protective material toward the nose cone (foreground) of Atlantis' external tank. The nose cone will undergo repair for hail damage. (Image credit: NASA/George Shelton.)

A team ofengineers is taking a meticulous look at the hail-damagedfuel tank of NASA's shuttleAtlantis to determine how best to repair its weather-beaten surface for a plannedApril launch to the InternationalSpace Station (ISS).

"We're kindof working our way down the tank to assess it," Harry Wadsworth, a spokespersonfor shuttle fueltank manufacturer Lockheed Martin, told Thursday. "Weshould have a go-forward plan early next week to take to the space shuttleprogram."

A freakthunderstorm centered right over NASA's Pad 39 launch complex at theKennedy Space Center (KSC) in Cape Canaveral, Florida peppered Atlantis' fueltank with golf ball-sized hail on Feb. 26, gouging thousands of dings in thevessel's vital foam insulation [image].

Atlantiswas slatedlaunch its six-astronaut STS-117 crew towards the ISS on March 15,though shuttle mission managers opted to delaythe space shot to late April to make repairs.

The shuttleleftits Pad 39A launch site on March 4 for the shelter of NASA's cavernous 52-story Vehicle AssemblyBuilding [image].Once there, work crews surrounded the orbiter's fuel tank with scaffolding inorder to reach its pockmarked nose cap, which sits about 184 feet (56 meters)above the Mobile Launch Platform that supports the attached shuttle, fuel tankand twin rocket boosters [image].

Wadsworthsaid a team of about six tank specialists headed to NASA's Kennedy Space Centerin Cape Canaveral, Florida this week from the New Orleans-based MichoudAssembly Facility, whereshuttle fuel tanks are manufactured.

Some foam sandingor blending to address extremely minor damage may be performed this week, butthe primary goal is to survey Atlantis' fuel tank and draw up a comprehensiverepair plan, Wadsworth said.

NASAshuttle workers are also eyeing minor dings to 27 protective heat-resistanttiles on Atlantis' underside. Launch officials have said ricocheting hail mayhave circumvented the shroud-like Rotating Service Structure at Atlantis'launch pad, which protect orbiters from weather, to cause the dings.

Damage tofuel tank foam insulation has been a prime concern for NASA since 2003, when a chunk ofloose foam shook loose during the launch of Columbia and struck the orbiter'sleft wing. The resulting damage to the Columbia's heat shield led to the loss of the orbiter and its seven-astronautcrew during reentry.

NASA hassince redesignedshuttle fuel tanks to reduce the amount of foam shed during liftoff anddeveloped in-orbit inspection procedures, as well as some limited repairtechniques, to address the problem in orbit if required. But ensuring a tank isfit to fly in the first place is imperative, NASA officials said.

"What theprogram has cautioned everyone is, 'Let's let the team go off and do theirwork,'" Jessica Rye, a NASA spokesperson at KSC, told"They've got a lot of inspections to do. We want a full story on what the tankteam feels needs to be done."

Commandedby veteran shuttle flyer RickSturckow, Atlantis' STS-117astronaut crew is slated to launch no earlier than late April to haul a17.5-ton addition to the space station's core framework and two starboard solararrays.

The missionis NASA's first of up to five ISS construction flights slated for 2007, butmust wait until after a 10-day ISS crewswap mission to begin with the planned April 7 launch of a Russian Soyuzspacecraft.

Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at:

Tariq Malik

Tariq is the Editor-in-Chief of and joined the team in 2001, first as an intern and staff writer, and later as an editor. He covers human spaceflight, exploration and space science, as well as skywatching and entertainment. He became's Managing Editor in 2009 and Editor-in-Chief in 2019. Before joining, Tariq was a staff reporter for The Los Angeles Times covering education and city beats in La Habra, Fullerton and Huntington Beach. In October 2022, Tariq received the Harry Kolcum Award for excellence in space reporting from the National Space Club Florida Committee. He is also an Eagle Scout (yes, he has the Space Exploration merit badge) and went to Space Camp four times as a kid and a fifth time as an adult. He has journalism degrees from the University of Southern California and New York University. You can find Tariq at and as the co-host to the This Week In Space podcast with space historian Rod Pyle on the TWiT network. To see his latest project, you can follow Tariq on Twitter @tariqjmalik.