Saturn's Crisscrossed Rings Hide Tiny Moon

Saturn's crisscrossed rings
(Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute)

It seems that whenever we look at a new picture of Saturn by NASA's Cassini mission, there's always something unique. And often, there's hidden gem.

Captured on Feb. 11, this observation, at first, doesn't make a whole lot of sense. We already know that Saturn sports hundreds of distinct rings, but they all occupy the same plane. How did Cassini see rings that are… crisscrossed?

ANALYSIS: Cassini Finds Saturn's Rings Are Weirdly Thin

Actually, this observation only shows one ring plane, but behind are the shadows of each ring being cast on Saturn's upper atmosphere, creating the illusion there are 2 sets of rings.

But while you digest the scene and work out which lines are rings and which are shadows, you're probably overlooking tiny moon Pan, a 17 mile (or 28 kilometer) wide satellite occupying a gap in the rings (just below the middle of the photo).

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Many of the gaps in Saturn's rings possess small moons whose gravity keeps these rings clear of debris as they orbit. Pan occupies the famous Encke Gap, for example. Many other gaps, however, don't appear to have moons, so their nature is a little more mysterious. Some theories on ring dynamics suggest some of these gaps may have formed through resonances with Saturn's larger moons.

Regardless of how they were formed, Cassini continues to capture their beauty, constantly reaffirming Saturn as the jewel of the solar system.

For the full-resolution view of this observation, and more information about the Cassini mission, check out the NASA news release.

Originally published on Discovery News.

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Media Relations Specialist, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Ian O'Neill is a media relations specialist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Southern California. Prior to joining JPL, he served as editor for the Astronomical Society of the Pacific‘s Mercury magazine and Mercury Online and contributed articles to a number of other publications, including,, Live Science,, Scientific American. Ian holds a Ph.D in solar physics and a master's degree in planetary and space physics.