The first pictures of NASA's Curiosity rover on the surface of Mars have been taken from above by a spacecraft orbiting the Red Planet.
The photos come from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), which snapped Curiosity as well as the Sky Crane landing stage, heat shield and parachute that helped deliver the rover to the Red Planet's surface. Curiosity touched down on Mars late Sunday (Aug. 5), beginning a two-year mission to study whether Mars was ever a habitable world.
"This is what we're calling a crime scene photo," Sarah Milkovich, an investigation scientist for MRO's HiRISE camera, said during a news briefing today (Aug. 7) at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. "We can see all of the components of the whole EDL [entry, descent and landing] system."
The photo shows the aftermath of the landing in the vast Gale crater, during which the rover was lowered to the surface on cables attached to the hovering Sky Crane. Around Curiosity's landing spot, dark streaks can be seen where the bright dust of the Martian surface has been disturbed by the rover's descent hardware. [Video: Curiosity's Descent Seen by Mars Orbiter]
Based on the picture, scientists can determine Curiosity's orientation, which matches up with the rover's own estimation of its direction.
"You're getting the same information from orbit as you're getting from the ground, and that really makes you feel very good," Milkovich said.
The picture also offers further confirmation that the entry, descent and landing equipment worked largely as planned, depositing the various elements of the rover's descent stage in roughly the places predicted.
"The layout looks pretty much the way they expected," said Curiosity mission systems manager Michael Watkins.
NASA launched the $2.5 billion Mars rover Curiosity in November 2011. Scientists hope the rover will help determine whether Mars is now, or ever has been, capable of supporting microbial life.
So far, the new rover appears to be performing as designed. It has spent its first couple of days on Mars checking out its systems and science instruments, and taking its first photos of the Martian surface.
Over the coming days, scientists plan to turn on the high-resolution color cameras mounted on its vertical mast to take even better photos.
The team also plans to adjust the pointing position of Curiosity's high-gain antenna to establish communications directly between the rover and Earth (so far, all communications have been related through MRO and the Mars Odyssey spacecraft, which is also orbiting Mars).
"This is the start of our mission and there are a lot of folks on [the surface operations team] that have been practicing and training and executing for years," Watkins told SPACE.com. "It's great to actually put our rover through the motions here. It's also great to keep looking around the neighborhood. Every time we get a new [picture] we all crowd around the screen and watch the first images come up here."