Last Shuttle Crew Arrives at NASA Spaceport for Launch Practice

The ‘final four’ space shuttle astronauts arrived at Kennedy Space Center in Florida on June 20, 2011 to practice for their July 8 launch. From left to right: STS-135 mission specialist Sandra Magnus, pilot Doug Hurley, commander Chris Ferguson and missio
The ‘final four’ space shuttle astronauts arrived at Kennedy Space Center in Florida on June 20, 2011 to practice for their July 8 launch. From left to right: STS-135 mission specialist Sandra Magnus, pilot Doug Hurley, commander Chris Ferguson and mission specialist Rex Walheim. (Image credit: Z. Pearlman)

This story was updated at 6:50 p.m. ET.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — The four astronauts who will fly on the last-ever space shuttle mission landed at NASA's Florida spaceport Monday evening (June 20) to participate in a dress rehearsal for their July 8 launch.

Flying in a pair of NASA's T-38 supersonic jets, the crew touched down at 5:30 p.m. EDT (2130 GMT) here at NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC), landing on the same runway the astronauts plan to use when they return to Earth at the end of their upcoming mission.

NASA's final shuttle flight, called STS-135, is a 12-day mission on the shuttle Atlantis that will deliver vital supplies to the International Space Station.

“STS-135 is notable, significant for a number of reasons, not the least of which is that it is the last flight. And I don't think that comes as a surprise to anybody,” said Atlantis commander Chris Ferguson after touching down in Florida.

Ferguson landed his T-38 jet today with crewmate Rex Walheim, an Atlantis mission specialist. Atlantis' pilot Doug Hurley rode in on the second T-38 jet with mission specialist Sandra Magnus. [Gallery: Shuttle Atlantis' Last Launch Pad Trek]

"I think I speak on behalf of the crew, everyone in the Astronaut Office, and I am sure everyone here at KSC, that we are just trying to savor the moment. As our children and our children's children ask us, we want to be able to say 'we remember when, we remember when there was a space shuttle,'" said Ferguson.

"It is a significant mission in addition because usually standing next to the commander here are five or six other people," said Ferguson. "Of course, this is a crew of four and we got a busy mission but we're going to do it with the crew of four. We're going to do a fantastic job."

The four astronauts left Ellington Field in Houston, Texas at just before 2 p.m. EDT (1800 GMT). They stopped over in Mobile, Alabama to refuel before proceeding to their Florida launch site.

Launch practice on tap

Over the next three days, the Atlantis crew  will take part in a number of training activities leading up to their suiting up and climbing aboard the shuttle on Thursday (June 23) to proceed through their pre-launch checklists as a simulated countdown ticks down to just before engine ignition.

The training session has been standard for all NASA shuttle missionsand is known as the Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test, or TCDT.

Before the actual launch day rehearsal on Thursday, Ferguson and Hurley will practice landing Atlantis by flying a specially modified Gulfstream jet. The shuttle astronauts will also undergo training in case there is an emergency on the launch pad, as well as review procedures to use a slidewire system to evacuate the pad and will take turns driving a tank-like armored personnel carrier.

Atlantis' last cargo

Meanwhile, shuttle technicians working out on the launch pad continued Monday installing a cargo pod inside Atlantis' payload bay.

Now positioned for launch, the Raffaello logistics moduleis packed with more than 8,000 pounds (3,628 kilograms) of supplies and equipment for the space station. A separate experiment platforms is also packed in Atlantis' payload bay.

Technicians were also busy performing X-ray scans of support beams inside Atlantis' external fuel tank.

The 50-foot (15-meter) beams, called "stringers," were being inspected to ensure no cracks formed during a recent fueling testthat filled the orange-brown tank with super-cold propellants subjecting it to the same super-cold temperatures it will experience on launch day.

Workers also began replacing fuel valve in Atlantis' space shuttle main engine no. 3 today after seeing indications it was leaking during the tanking test.

Atlantis' upcoming mission will be the 135th and last shuttle mission for NASA since the fleet began launching into orbit in April 1981.

NASA is retiring its three-shuttle fleet this year to make way for a new exploration program aimed at deep space missions to an asteroid and Mars. The shuttles Discovery and Endeavour completed their own final missions earlier this year.

"We're incredibly proud to represent this, the final flight," said Ferguson.

Robert Pearlman is a contributor and editor of You can follow him @robertpearlmanor on Facebook. Follow on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook.

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Robert Z. Pearlman Editor, Contributor

Robert Pearlman is a space historian, journalist and the founder and editor of, an online publication and community devoted to space history with a particular focus on how and where space exploration intersects with pop culture. Pearlman is also a contributing writer for and co-author of "Space Stations: The Art, Science, and Reality of Working in Space” published by Smithsonian Books in 2018. He previously developed online content for the National Space Society and Apollo 11 moonwalker Buzz Aldrin, helped establish the space tourism company Space Adventures and currently serves on the History Committee of the American Astronautical Society, the advisory committee for The Mars Generation and leadership board of For All Moonkind. In 2009, he was inducted into the U.S. Space Camp Hall of Fame in Huntsville, Alabama. In 2021, he was honored by the American Astronautical Society with the Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History.