Space diversity will get a boost this fall from a new White House initiative.
Earlier this month, the White House announced a pilot program to increase training in the space sector with numerous space companies, led by Blue Origin, Boeing, Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman. (Other participants include SpaceX, Amazon and Rocket Lab, to name a few.)
"These pilot programs will help thousands of traditionally underrepresented workers in the space field learn the skills and access the opportunities they need to take on 21st-century space jobs," White House officials said in a fact sheet (opens in new tab) released on Sept. 9. The training will be centered in three locations: Florida's Space Coast, the Louisiana/Mississippi Gulf Coast, and Southern California. Few other details are available at this time.
The new push aims to bring more diversity to the space workforce through a wider swath of educational institutions beyond the Ivy League and other rich engineering and science schools. Examples include Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Tribal Colleges and Universities, minority servicing institutions, community colleges and trade/vocational schools, White House officials said.
In remarks at a meeting of the National Space Council (opens in new tab), held Sept. 9 at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, Harris emphasized that jobs in the space sector don't necessarily require four-year degrees (which are often a barrier to diverse communities due to the investments of money and time involved).
"There are thousands more jobs for technical workers — good-paying jobs that often do not require a four-year degree, but are essential to our space program. These jobs are just waiting to be filled," said Harris, who chairs the council.
Examples of positions requiring only a high school diploma, the White House said in its roadmap (opens in new tab), include welders, non-destructive testers, machinists, inspectors, industrial machinery mechanics and assemblers. An associate's degree from community college opens up such positions as avionics technician and quality control analyst. Salaries for such jobs start at around $35,000 a year but may go much higher.
U.S. space industry employment is at a 10-year high of 151,797 people, according to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2021 data parsed by the Space Foundation (opens in new tab). That's up nearly 20% from 2016. (The numbers, however, track key job sectors linked with space rather than the space industry as a separate segment.)
Many of the companies participating in the new White House initiative are also signatories of the Space Workforce 2030 pledge (opens in new tab), which promises workforce increases in women and underrepresented populations in the coming decade. The pledge was released in April at the 37th Space Symposium in Colorado Springs.
Current statistics on space diversity are not widely available, and collection methodology is somewhat patchy. That said, some efforts from a directorate at NASA (opens in new tab) and the United Kingdom's Space Skills Alliance (opens in new tab) suggest that women make up around 30% of the space workforce and people of color make up less than 32%, depending on the statistics set used.