Mars Rover Aces First Test Drive on Red Planet

NASA's Mars rover Curiosity took this panorama on Mars on Aug. 22, 2012, just after its first test drive.
NASA's Mars rover Curiosity took this panorama on Mars on Aug. 22, 2012, just after its first test drive. The landing site has been named "Bradbury Landing" in honor of the late sci-fi author Ray Bradbury. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

This story was updated at 4:25 p.m. EDT.

NASA's Mars rover Curiosity took its first halting steps on the Red Planet today (Aug. 22), snapping photos of its tracks to commemorate the test drive milestone.

The 1-ton Curiosity rover moved about 15 feet (4.5 meters) forward, turned in place 120 degrees and then backed up 8 feet (2.5 m), mission team members announced today. The maneuver began at 7:17 a.m. PDT (10:17 a.m. EDT; 1417 GMT) and lasted 16 minutes, though the six-wheeled robot spent most of that time taking pictures.

Today's short jaunt, combined with a test of Curiosity's steering abilities on Monday (Aug. 20), suggest that the rover is in fine shape to start roaming across the Martian landscape, researchers said.

"I'm pleased to report that Curiosity today had her first successful drive on Mars," Curiosity lead rover planner Matt Heverly, of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., told reporters today. "We have a fully functioning mobility system on our rover." [More photos of Curiosity's 1st drive on Mars]

NASA's Mars rover Curiosity took this image its landing site "Bradbury Landing" on Aug. 22, 2012, after a successful test drive. The landing site is named in honor of the late science fiction author Ray Bradbury, and taken on what would have been his 92nd birthday. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

Checkouts going well

Curiosity touched down inside Mars' huge Gale Crater on the night of Aug. 5. Its two-year mission, officially known as the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), aims to determine if the Red Planet could ever have supported microbial life.

Since Curiosity hit the red dirt, the MSL team has been systematically vetting the $2.5 billion rover and its 10 science instruments, making sure everything is in good working condition for surface operations. The driving and steering tests are part of those checkouts.

Everything has gone well so far, team members have said, though Curiosity's weather station is not working perfectly. Wind sensors on one of the instrument's two booms have been damaged, perhaps by rocks deposited on Curiosity's deck during or shortly after landing.

But the other boom's sensors are working fine, so the impact should be limited to some slight ambiguity regarding wind direction, researchers have said.

The first big drives

Curiosity remains at its landing site, which the MSL team has named "Bradbury Landing" to honor the late sci-fi author Ray Bradbury, who would have turned 92 today. Researchers will continue to run tests over the coming days, and the rover will study nearby rocks. It has already zapped a number of stones with its onboard laser to determine their chemical composition.

If Curiosity continues to ace its checkouts, it could head toward its first major science target — a spot 1,300 feet (400 m) away called Glenelg — in the next week or so, scientists said. Three different types of terrain come together at Glenelg, making it a one-stop shop for lots of science investigations.

The first drives toward Glenelg will likely be relatively short — on the order of 33 feet (10 m), Heverly said. Drivers would then gradually start pushing Curiosity over longer distances if the rover continues to perform well, eventually reaching 330 feet (100 m) or so on a big driving day.

Curiosity will probably spend a month or more journeying to Glenelg, researchers have said, and then remain there for a while, studying the site's rocks and soil.

But the rover's ultimate destination is the base of Mount Sharp, the 3.4-mile-high (5.5-kilometer) mountain rising from the center of Gale Crater. Mars-orbiting spacecraft have spotted evidence of clays and sulfates in Mount Sharp's foothills, suggesting the area was exposed to liquid water long ago.

Curiosity may be ready to turn its wheels toward these interesting deposits, which are about 5 miles (8 km) away as the crow flies, around the end of the year, scientists have said.

While nothing is guaranteed, early indications are that the rover should be ready for the long trek.

"It is fantastic how well everything is working," said Michael Meyer, lead scientist for NASA's Mars Exploration Program. "We have high hopes that this is going to really prove out this region, and tell us whether or not it was ever potentially habitable."

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Mike Wall
Senior Space Writer

Michael Wall is a Senior Space Writer with and joined the team in 2010. He primarily covers exoplanets, spaceflight and military space, but has been known to dabble in the space art beat. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter.