Workers apply foam and molds on the shuttle Atlantis' external tank to areas damaged by hail. The white hole with a red circle around it (upper right) is a hole prepared for molding and material application. The red material is sealant tape so the mold doesn't leak when the foam rises. The white/translucent square mold is an area where the foam has been applied and the foam has risen and cured against the mold surface.
Credit: NASA/George Shelton.
NASA aims to launch four space shuttle missions by the end of the year, some aboard different orbiters than originally planned, in order to continue assembly of the International Space Station (ISS), mission managers reported late Monday.
The U.S. space agency released new launch targets for three ISS-bound missions in 2007 following the planned June 8 liftoff of the Atlantis shuttle’s STS-117 station assembly flight. The shuttle’s 11-day mission to deliver new solar arrays to the space station has been delayed beyond its initial March 15 target following hail damage to the orbiter’s foam-covered external tank.
“Once Atlantis flies STS-117, it gets the ball rolling for everything else,” NASA spokesperson Allard Beutel, of the space agency’s Washington D.C. headquarters, told SPACE.com. “This is a chance to look a year ahead and get back on track.”
Under the new plan, set down during a Monday meeting of top NASA shuttle and ISS program managers, Atlantis’ STS-117 mission will be followed by the Endeavour orbiter’s STS-118 mission no earlier than Aug. 9.
The next shuttle to fly will then be STS-120 aboard Discovery -- rather than the initially planned Atlantis orbiter -- to launch the Harmony connector node to the space station on Oct. 20. NASA then hopes to close out 2007 with a Dec. 6 launch of Atlantis on the STS-122 mission to deliver the European Space Agency’s Columbus laboratory.
The European-built module was initially slated to launch spaceward aboard NASA’s Discovery orbiter, though the space agency reassigned some missions to different spacecraft to ease shuttle processing and turnaround times, NASA officials said.
“Basically, it gave us a little more flexibility,” Beutel said of the shuttle swap for upcoming spaceflights. “In a sense, it bought us some time back in the processing time required.”
NASA also set launch targets for the first two shuttle flights of 2008.
The space shuttle Endeavour is slated to launch on Feb. 14, 2008 on the STS-123 mission to deliver the Canadian-built Dextre addition to the station’s robotic arm and the first of three station segments that make up the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s Kibo laboratory. A second element of the Kibo module, as well as its own robotic arm, are due to launch spaceward on April 24 on NASA’s STS-124 mission aboard the Discovery orbiter, though the spaceflight was previously reserved for the Atlantis orbiter.
NASA shuttle and ISS managers have said that every orbiter flight in the outpost’s assembly sequence through its projected 2010 completion date depends on the success of the preceding orbiter flight. It also depends on international contributions such as Russian Progress cargo ship launches, Soyuz missions to swap station crews and the upcoming launch of Europe’s first Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) supply ship.
“We’re in such a position now where everything must line up, one after another, like tumblers in a lock to get to the end of that sequence,” Beutel said.
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