Artist's concept of the NASA/ESA ExoMars 2016 spacecraft in flight. It consists of the Trace Gas Orbiter and a lander called the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM).
The ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO), along with an Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM), form the first mission in the ESA-NASA ExoMars Program. The Orbiter and EDM are scheduled to arrive at Mars in 2016. This image shows the Orbiter and the EDM in cruise configuration. Image released Nov. 1, 2010.
Artist's concept of the ExoMars 2016 spacecraft, which consists of the Trace Gas Orbiter and the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM).
The ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, part of the first ESA and NASA joint Mars mission in 2016, will investigate trace gases - atmospheric gases that are present in small concentrations (less than 1% of the atmosphere). The scientific instruments onboard the Orbiter include an infrared radiometer to detect chemicals, dust and potentially water vapour in the Martian atmosphere (EMCS), along with spectrometers able to detect elements at trace levels (MATMOS and NOMAD). A stereo imaging camera (HiSCI) and a wide-angle multi-spectral camera (MAGIE) will support the other instruments and provide images of the planet’s surface. The current configuration of the instruments onboard the Orbiter is shown in this schematic diagram. The 2016 mission also encompasses the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM). The EDM, a technology demonstration vehicle carried by the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, can also be seen in this image. Image updated Mar. 9, 2011.
WISDOM (Water Ice and Subsurface Deposit Observation on Mars) is a subsurface sounding radar, and forms part of the ExoMars rover instrument suite. WISDOM will provide a detailed view of the structure of the subsurface of the Red Planet by studying the upper layers of the Martian crust. An instrument prototype, representative in terms of design, size, mass and power, has been developed. A field test was performed, on a glacier in the French Alps near Chamonix in January 2011. The prototype carried out measurements down to more than 15 meters and detected structures with deep cracks. The prototype was installed on a zip-line to study the functionality of the antennas on a height (approximately 65 cm); this mimics WISDOM's situation on the ExoMars rover. The WISDOM antennas are the yellow items and the radar is situated inside the white box. Image updated June 27, 2011.
The photo shows the ExoMars Rover prototype demonstrated during the 2nd ExoMars Industry Day on September 23, 2010 in Turin, Italy. The purpose of the event was to provide a forum to discuss the progress of the ExoMars program as well as to explore its programmatic and technological challenges.
The European Space Agency’s ExoMars rover is due to launch toward the Red Planet in 2018. In this artist’s view, note the ExoMars robotic arm and drill.
A mock-up of the European Space Agency's planned ExoMars rover.
To the left is a schematic representation of a sub-scale high altitude drop test. The balloon ascends to a test altitude of roughly 24.5 kilometers, after which a drop sequence is initiated via a radio uplink command. The EDM is then released from the balloon with a pyrotechnic device and experiences free-fall for 23 seconds. Following this, a test parachute is deployed with a pilot parachute. At 200 m (or at an altitude determined by uplink command), the EDM separates and the two stages land separately, reducing the impact at landing. The image to the right shows the balloon and the rocket-shaped test vehicle during a sub-scale parachute high altitude drop test in the UK, in early 2011. Image released Sep. 14, 2012.
The ExoMars dosing station, a part of the Sample Preparation and Distribution System (SPDS) which is designed to transport Martian soil samples collected by the drill to the instruments inside the ExoMars rover, was tested in conditions simulating Martian gravity during a parabolic flight campaign that ran from June 7- 9, 2011. This photograph shows the vacuum chamber containing the ExoMars dosing station prototype in the Novespace laboratory facilities in Bordeaux, France during the preparations for this parabolic flight campaign.
ESA has identified Meridiani Planum as the primary landing site for the ExoMars Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM). The EDM is scheduled for launch in January 2016, arriving at the Red Planet approximately nine months later. Image updated June 6, 2011.
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is helping to plan landing sites for ExoMars and other Mars missions.
The Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module configuration with a transparent view of the heatshield, showing the internal accommodation of the EDM surface platform. Image released Sep. 8, 2011.