NASA: Hubble Camera's Repair a Partial Success
Spacewalkers John Grunsfeld (bottom) and Andrew Feustel are seen after repairing Hubble's main camera and installing the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph during the third of five spacewalks on the Hubble Space Telescope during the STS-125 flight of shuttle Atlantis.
Credit: NASA TV.

HOUSTON - An ambitious attempt by Atlantis astronauts to fix the Hubble Space Telescope?s broken main camera has apparently met with only partial success, with one of the instrument?s three photo channels failing to recover as hoped, NASA officials said early Sunday.

Atlantis spacewalkers John Grunsfeld and Andrew Feustel spent 6 1/2 hours working on Hubble on Saturday to revive the observatory?s broken Advanced Camera for Surveys and install a powerful new spectrograph. It was the third of five spacewalks planned for their 11-day mission to overhaul Hubble for the last time.

NASA spokesperson Josh Byerly said engineers were unable to revive the camera?s high-resolution channel, one of three science-collecting channels it used to observe the universe before a crippling electrical short in 2007. That electrical short shut down the camera?s high-resolution and wide-field imager channels, though a third mode - a solar blind channel for studying objects in the far ultraviolet realm of the light spectrum - was later regained. ?

The high-resolution channel ?is likely down for good,? Byerly said in a NASA TV update just before 1:00 a.m. EDT (0500 GMT). The other two channels are in fine health, which still represents a major increase in science with the return of the wide-field channel, he added.

At the time of its 2007 failure, the survey camera was Hubble?s most heavily-used instrument, but it was never designed to be fixed in space.

Recovering the high-resolution channel was always expected to be a long shot, with engineers and astronauts focusing most of their efforts on the camera?s wide-field channel, which generates more science, Byerly said.

?This was expected and there is not a surprise to the team here,? Byerly said. ?There is really not much that can be done at this point.?

Atlantis astronauts are in the midst of a tightly-scripted series of spacewalks that span five consecutive days. Later today, they will begin their fourth spacewalk, an excursion aimed at another tough repair to revive a broken spectrograph. A fifth spacewalk on Monday will include vital maintenance work. The mission is NASA?s fifth and final shuttle flight to Hubble before it retires its three-orbiter fleet next year.

Earlier in the mission, they performed some much-needed maintenance and added two brand new instruments: a powerful panchromatic camera capable of scanning deep into the universe across the ultraviolet, visible and near-infrared spectrum; and the most sensitive spectrograph ever sent to space, which will use faint light from distant quasars to help measure the chemical makeup of objects in space.

Unprecedented fix

For Saturday?s spacewalk, NASA engineers devised custom-built tools and techniques to resurrect the wide-field camera channel. The fix called on Grunsfeld and Feustel to replace four electronics boards after removing a pair of cover panels and 32 screws. Despite never being done before, the spacewalk repair went off without a hitch and power to the wide-field channel was restored.

Because of mission time constraints, Hubble engineers chose to focus the repair on the wide-field channel because 95 percent of the camera?s science observations are performed by that channel alone, Byerly said.

For example, it was the camera?s wide-field channel that astronomers used to generate Hubble?s Ultra Deep Field, a snapshot of one area of the sky that revealed more than 10,000 galaxies and peered back to within 700,000 million years of the birth of the universe. The universe is 13.7 billion years old.

The high-resolution channel was used for smaller field of view observations, as well as studying faint objects around bright stars. After Saturday?s spacewalk repair, Hubble engineers hoped to reroute power to the high-resolution channel through its fixed wide-field counterpart, but were prepared if the plan didn?t work, Byerly said.

?The outcome of these repairs is very uncertain,? Hubble program manager Preston Burch said before launch.

Hubble engineers had suspected that a short circuit inside the high-resolution channel from the earlier failures might prevent its recovery, Byerly added.

Even without the high-resolution channel, Atlantis' flight has met most of NASA?s mission success criteria, which included adding two brand new cameras, vital gyroscopes and batteries, and a critical data handling unit. The partial repair of the main camera, and today?s attempted spectrograph fix, are desirable but not critical, mission managers said.

?There was not that much surprise in this and not that much disappointment,? Byerly said of Hubble?s science team on the partial camera repair. ?They consider it a success.?

SPACE.com is providing continuous coverage of NASA's last mission to the Hubble Space Telescope with senior editor Tariq Malik in Houston and reporter Clara Moskowitz in New York. Click here for mission updates, live spacewalk coverage and SPACE.com's live NASA TV video feed.

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