An Orbital Sciences-built Cygnus spacecraft is captured by a robotic arm on the International Space Station during docking activities on July 16, 2014. The unmanned Cygnus spacecraft delivered more than 1.5 tons of supplies to the station for NASA.
Credit: NASA TV
A commercial cargo ship built by Orbital Sciences Corporation arrived at the International Space Station on Wednesday (July 16) to deliver fresh food, supplies and other vital gear for NASA.
The unmanned Cygnus cargo ship was captured by astronauts using the station's robotic arm at 6:36 a.m. EDT (1036 GMT) as both spacecraft sailed over Libya at an altitude of 260 miles (418 kilometers). The capsule was attached to an open docking port about two hours later.
"We got it!" station astronaut Alexander Gerst of Germany exclaimed on Twitter, where he posted a photo of the Cygnus at the end of the station's arm.
"Houston, Station … we now have a seventh crewmember," space station commander Steve Swanson of NASA radioed to Mission Control. "The SS Janice Voss is on space station."
Orbital Sciences named this Cygnus spacecraft in honor space shuttle astronaut Janice Voss, who died in 2012. Voss flew on five NASA shuttle missions, but never visited the space station during her astronaut career.
"It's great to see Cygnus on board and Janice as well," NASA astronaut Cady Coleman radioed back from Mission Control.
By coincidence, today's docking took place on the 45th anniversary of NASA's launch of the Apollo 11 moon landing mission. The station crew recorded a special video to commemorate launch on July 16, 1969.
The Cygnus spacecraft is delivering more than 1.5 tons of supplies to the space station for NASA. The mission launched toward the orbiting lab on Sunday (July 13) atop an Orbital Sciences-built Antares rocket that lifted off from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility on Wallops Island, Virginia.
The mission is the second cargo delivery flight to the space station by Orbital Sciences. The company has a $1.9 billion deal with NASA to provide eight resupply missions to the station using its Cygnus capsules and Antares rockets. This current Cygnus mission, called Orb-2, is expected to last about one month. The space capsule will ultimately be filled with trash and released back into space to intentionally burn up in Earth's atmosphere.
Another company, Space Exploration Technologies (better known as SpaceX) of Hawthorne, California, has a $1.6 billion deal with NASA for 12 delivery missions using its own Dragon space capsules and Falcon 9 rockets. SpaceX has launched three of those cargo runs so far, most recently in April.
NASA is dependent on Orbital Sciences and SpaceX, as well as space station cargo ships provided by Europe, Russia and Japan, to keep the space station stocked with supplies. The next cargo ship to launch toward the space station will be a European Automated Transfer Vehicle, the ATV-5 Georges Lemaitre. That ATV-5 mission is expected to launch on July 24.
Since NASA's space shuttle fleet retired in 2011, the U.S. agency's only way to launch astronauts to the station has been aboard Russian Soyuz space capsules. NASA plans to use new private space taxis under development by several U.S. companies to ferry American astronauts to and from the station. The space agency expects those new space taxis to become available by 2017.