Postcards From Mars: NASA Rover Snaps New Photos of Huge Crater
NASA's Opportunity rover is beaming home snapshots from the ultimate Mars vista: the rim of a vast crater on the Red Planet.
The latest photos from the Opportunity Mars rover, which NASA released Friday (Aug. 19), reveal a close look at the edge of Endeavour crater, a 13-mile (21-kilometer) wide scar where scientists are finding rocks with features never before seen by the long-lived rover.
Opportunity arrived at Endeavour crater on Aug. 9 after a nearly three-year trek from its last pit stop on Mars — the half-mile (800-meter) wide Victoria crater. The rover has been exploring Mars since January 2004 and is currently parked at a smaller crater named Odyssey, a 66-foot (20-meter) wide feature on the western rim of the much-larger Endeavour. [Latest Photos from Mars Rover Opportunity]
One of the four new photos of Endeavour crater released by NASA shows the ground around Opportunity's parking spot, revealing a rough surface littered with pebbles. But that view revealed a surprise to scientists.
"The soil at this location has a different texture than any that Opportunity had seen earlier," NASA officials explained in a photo description. "Among other differences, this site has none of the iron-rich concretions, nicknamed 'blueberries,' which have been plentiful on the surface at many locations Opportunity has stopped."
The so-called "blueberries" of Mars are tiny accretions of the iron-rich mineral hematite, which suggests they formed in watery conditions in the ancient past, NASA scientists have found.
Weird rocks on Mars
Another photo shows an eye-catching rock with a peculiar appearance.
"The rock, informally named 'Tisdale 2,' displays a different texture than rocks that Opportunity has seen during the rovers' first 90 months on Mars," NASA officials explained.
A third view of Endeavour is a postcard-like shot from Opportunity that looks across the vast crater to show its other side. In the last new photo, a huge rock that scientists have named Ridout dominates the rover's camera view.
The Ridout rock is located on the northeastern rim of Odyssey crater and is as large as the Opportunity rover, which is 4.9 feet (1.5 meters) long. It is one of several rocks thought to have been ejected by the impact that created Odyssey crater, and which are expected to dominate Opportunity's attention for the near future.
"Opportunity is now examining the ejected material from the small crater, named 'Odyssey,'" NASA officials said. "The rover is approaching a large block of ejecta for investigation with tools on the rover's robotic arm."
A years-long Martian pit stop
Opportunity is expected to spend years — if it lasts that long — exploring the rim of Endeavour crater. [Video: Opportunity's 7 Years of Mars Roving]
The Opportunity rover is one of two NASA robots sent to Mars to explore the Red Planet simultaneously.
Opportunity's robotic twin Spirit landed a few weeks before Opportunity and both lasted for years, though Spirit went silent in 2010 a year after getting stuck in deep Martian sand. NASA officially ended Spirit's Mars mission earlier this year after abandoning attempts to revive the rover.
During that time, however, Opportunity has continued to perform as expected, but does have to drive in reverse because of wheel problems. A miniature thermal emission spectrometer on the rover has failed, and it keeps its robotic arm in a special position when driving due to joint issues, but for the most part the rover is doing well, mission scientists have said.
Meanwhile, NASA is preparing to launch a new rover to the Red Planet: the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity. The powerful rover, which is the size of a car, is due to launch in late November to explore a vast region called Gale crater and determine if it could have once been a habitable hotspot on Mars.
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