Next week, four experiments designed by high school students will take to the skies aboard a weather balloon in a NASA competition.
The four science projects will launch on May 19 from Upper Sandusky, Ohio, as payloads in a NASA-built helium weather balloon. The balloon will soar to the stratosphere, about 20 miles (32 kilometers) above the Earth's surface, in NASA's second Balloonsat High-Altitude Flight contest.
The national competition gives high school students the chance to experience an authentic flight mission from start to finish. Twenty-two teams from schools around the country entered, and NASA chose four finalists in March. Those four teams will attend next week's launch, NASA officials said. [Video: Shuttle Launch Seen From Balloon]
The selected teams and experiments are:
Charlottesville High School, Charlottesville, Va. "The Effect of Near-Space on Solar Powered Climate Control";
Harding University High School, Searcy, Ark. "Measuring Gases in the Atmosphere as a Function of Altitude";
Neighborhood After-School Science Association, Ava, N.Y. "Viability of Hydroponic Gardens in Near Space Conditions";
- North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, Durham, N.C. "Variations in Energy Output of Solar Cells at Varying Altitudes Compared to Weight and Cost."
Scientists and engineers from NASA's Glenn Research Center in Cleveland will evaluate each of the four teams on active participation during the launch. They will also assess the students' research presentations and written reports about the final results of their experiments. [Balloons in Space: A History]
The winning team will be announced on July 1, and Glenn representatives will present an award to the winners at their school, NASA officials said.
The Balloonsat contest and other, similar educational programs help NASA engage students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (or STEM). These disciplines are critical to the agency's future programs and missions, officials said.
The competition is sponsored by Glenn's Educational Programs Office and is funded by the Teaching From Space Office at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston.